With the football season wrapped-up, prospects, whether they have aspirations that a university scholarship or hearing their name referred to as on draft night, are turning their attention to speed. That is no mystery that one of the ideal ways to boost your stock together a prospect is by enhancing your time in the 40-yard dash. While many coaches know a an excellent time once they see one, numerous struggle to actually make their athletes faster.

You are watching: 20 yard dash times by age

I remained in that same boat, yet I want more. I wanted means to analyze the data from mine athletes and also make better training decision from the data. After taking a deep dive right into the times of NFL draftees over the last five years, i have discovered a few trends that have the right to hopefully aid guide girlfriend on your pursuit for boosted speed. ~ reading, friend will have a much better understanding that the intricacies of this very valued sprint and also be far better able to help your athletes achieve their speed goals.

Before us begin, recognize that the times being disputed are specifically from the NFL Scouting Combine. All reps were run in Lucas Oil stadion in Indianapolis utilizing Zybek time systems. The times we see released publicly are started by hand with gates at 10, 20, and also 40 yards. Zybek go compile FAT data the is not mutual with the public, yet they did describe on Twitter that: “If the coach is at the 6 garden line, the typical is 0.085 ; however, over there is a +/- 0.05 secs or bigger (1 conventional ) in the best case.”

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Figure 1. This chart gives projections on splits during the 40-yard dash. The models are based upon the 40-yard dash splits at the NFL Scouting combine that are released to the public, hand-started through a laser gate. Please note that the 20-30 and 30-40 room projections and also not based on actual data, due to the fact that the NFL go not record a 30-yard split.
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Figure 2. This chart shows just how the windy data indigenous the NFL Scouting combine fares as soon as cross-referenced v the original chart.

The Three-Second Rule

In the last five Combines, 376 draftees ran sub-4.6 seconds; 365 (97%) ran the “flying 30” portion in 3.00 secs or less. For the high college athletes ns coach, we use the 30-yard fly together our major max velocity metric due to the fact that I love just how seamlessly it ties in through our 40-yard dash training. For many high school speedsters, running a 30-yard paris in three seconds or less is no a an overwhelming task, yet when you mitigate their run-in, the job becomes more daunting and aligns through the acceleration needed to grasp the 40-yard dash.

It is vital to recognize the difference in between ‘how rapid can you get?’ and also ‘how quick can you acquire fast?’, claims
CoachStokowski. Click to Tweet

It is essential to know the difference in between “how fast can girlfriend get?” and “how rapid can you get fast?” when you understand the rate strengths and also weaknesses of your athletes, you have the right to narrow your training focus to resolve those needs. Cameron Josse comes to mind once I think of utilizing pragmatic exercise selection to attend to needs top top the force-velocity curve.


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Big Fellas need a great Start

One the my favourite metrics to play roughly with is pounds-per-inch: a way of evaluating relative size and also the speed needed for success at the size. Athletes in ~ 4.0 pounds-per-inch or larger dominate in the trenches of skilled football. We space talking around body sizes varying (on the little end) from 72 inches, 293 pounds (4.07 pounds-per-inch) come 79 inches, 317 pounds (4.01 pounds-per-inch).

One-hundred sixty-nine athletes 4.0 pounds-per-inch or larger have actually been drafted due to the fact that 2016. Twenty-two of them (13%) were able to crack 5 seconds in the 40-yard dash. As soon as looking in ~ the splits from those attempts, I notice a unique difference in between the speed profiles of professional linemen and high school skill players. Running comparable 40-yard dash times, the linemen excelled in the acceleration part (0-20 yards), if the novice high schoolers fared much better on the back end (20-40 yards).

Taking a closer look at those 22 linemen, your times ranged from 4.75-4.99. Top top average, your front 20 yards clocked in in ~ 2.85, when their earlier 20 came in in ~ 2.06. Nobody of those 169 draftees, various other than Caleb Benenoch (his released splits point to a possible error in ~ the second gate), were able to rest 2.00 secs from 20-40 yards. On the upper and lower reversal side, I have actually recorded 119 40s in between 4.75 and also 4.99 from mine high college athletes, obviously much smaller clientele. Their typical front/back split is 2.86/2.02, which does no seem like lot of a difference, however 38 (32%) the those ran sub-2.00 on the earlier 20 yards.

Two takeaways:

Once a body it s okay to a certain size, there is not as much velocity potential. In other words, linemen in ~ the integrate do not have actually the preferably velocity ability to outrun a slow start. Castle MUST gain through 20 yards rapid (relatively) to end up fast.When a high schooler legitimately lowers your time through a far-ranging amount, the area of most development happens early on in the dash. Does an boosted maximum velocity help? Absolutely! but never forget that about one-third of your time happens over one-fourth the the distance.
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Figure 3. This graph breaks down picks end the last 5 drafts (2016-2020) through position, year, size, and 40-yard dash splits.

Apples, Oranges, and also Doughnuts

When discussing the 40-yard dash, it is crucial to remember that the yellow standard, the NFL Scouting Combine, is an ext concerned with consistency 보다 accuracy. We recognize this since both FAT and also hand-started times room recorded, however the hand-started times space the ones common with the public.

The goal of recreating exact testing variables is a fool’s errand, however there is value in attempting to discover a level the consistency and also accuracy in your trial and error protocol. Surface, shoes, weather, and a myriad of various other nuances make the way you time the 40-yard dash unique. I think we have to all try to produce a trial and error protocol that provides an detailed look at our athletes’ abilities and gives us details on where our time would be best spent in your training. In great terms, I believe we have to be using the 40-yard dash together a formative assessment and a summative one.

I know the way I time (apples) is no the method the NFL does (oranges), but both carry out a an excellent job of offering feedback. Simply telling one athlete that they ran “4.4” (doughnuts) is not true (99% of the time) and does not carry out them with the info needed to enhance their speed. Sure, it renders them feeling good, but it does no make castle better. By providing separation times in ~ the 40-yard dash, we have the right to learn far much more about our athletes’ strengths and also weaknesses.

By providing separation times in ~ the 40-yard dash, we have the right to learn far an ext about our athletes’ strengths and weaknesses, states
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I use Freelap come time the 40-yard dash, ~ above a rubberized monitor wearing spikes. We use the touchpad as a consistent method to tether ours athletes to a minute of near-zero forward momentum. We place split transmitters (cones) at 10 yards + 80 centimeters, 20 yards + 80 centimeters, 30 yards + 80 centimeters, and 40 yards + 80 centimeters. (For those unfamiliar v Freelap, 80 centimeters accounts because that the radius of the electromagnetic field produced by the transmitters.) By setting up the device the method I have explained, we obtain 10 pieces of data indigenous one single attempt: 0-10 yards, 10-20, 20-30, 30-40, 0-20, 10-30, 20-40, 0-30, 10-40, and 0-40.

In my three years timing athletes making use of Freelap, i have had actually two athletes rest 4.70 seconds. Coincidentally, those room the only two ability players who have actually been readily available any type of NCAA division I football scholarship. V that knowledge, we know running in the 4.6s, making use of our metric, has actually value.

Our favorite two segments to analyze space 0-20 and also 10-40, and also the formula for success is simple: 2.70 secs from 0-20 yards and 3.00 seconds from 10-40 yards. If the athlete can uncover just one-hundredth of a second, they break 4.70.

Two periods ago, I had two athletes operation 4.73 top top the exact same day. Athlete A ran 2.71 indigenous 0-20 and 3.16 indigenous 0-40. Athlete B ran 2.80 indigenous 0-20 and 2.99 from 10-40. The same outcomes with substantially different speed profiles! Athlete A essential maximum velocity intervention while Athlete B had far-ranging room to enhance on his acceleration.

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Figure 4. Two years ago, I had two athletes who ran 4.73 top top the exact same day. They had actually identical outcomes yet significantly various speed profiles.

Need because that Speed

Using mph as an easy-to-understand metric for young athletes is all the rage. Ns am on that bandwagon, and I want to know what sort of speeds we are seeing from the elite athletes at the NFLSC.

Here is a failure of the “flying 20-yard” part of the 40-yard dash. We are looking at typical time, pounds-per-inch, and mph that draftees because 2016. Save in mind that the Vmax numbers are much faster than I will certainly show, due to the fact that the athletes, for the many part, are faster at yard 40 보다 yard 21. Also, be cautious comparing turf time with minimal run-in to monitor times with countless run-in.

2 (3 total); average: 4.26 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 2.74; flying 20: 1.76 = 23.24 mph3 (43 total); average: 4.36 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 2.77; paris 20: 1.80 = 22.73 mph4 (159 total); average: 4.45 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 2.87; flying 20: 1.85 = 22.11 mph5 (171 total); average: 4.54 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 2.97; flying 20: 1.89 = 21.65 mph6 (131 total); average: 4.64 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 3.13; flying 20: 1.94 = 21.09 mph7 (73 total); average: 4.74 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 3.29; paris 20: 1.98 = 20.66 mph8 (68 total); average: 4.84 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 3.44; flying 20: 2.03 = 20.15 mph9 (45 total); average: 4.94 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 3.72; paris 20: 2.07 = 19.76 mph0 (51 total); average: 5.04 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 3.98; flying 20: 2.12 = 19.30 mph1 (52 total); average: 5.15 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 4.11; paris 20: 2.16 = 18.94 mph2 (54 total); average: 5.24 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 4.08; paris 20: 2.21 = 18.51 mph3 (30 total); average: 5.34 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 4.13; flying 20: 2.26 = 18.10 mph4 (6 total); average: 5.44 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 4.19; flying 20: 2.33 = 17.56 mph5 (7 total); average: 5.55 seconds; pounds-per-inch: 4.18; paris 20: 2.37 = 17.26 mph

In conclusion, i hope that this info will assist you much better understand the data on her athletes, and, in turn, you will be able to provide them with better feedback and training. While not every athlete us coach will reach their rate goals, you will see enhancements in team rate if you store it a focus of her programming. The 40-yard dash is a puzzle, but one that reaps substantial rewards when mastered. I hope this source helps you better understand the piece of that puzzle!

If friend would like to talk shop or have any kind of questions, do not hesitate come reach out to me in ~ coachstokowski
gmail.com.

See more: How Far Is 20 Yards In Feet, How Many Feet Are In 20 Yards

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Coach Joe Stokowski is in his 3rd year in ~ Pepperell High school (Lindale, GA) where he serves as the boys track & field coach together with special teams coordinator and also defensive an additional coach for the football team. He likewise teaches English in ~ the high school. Prior to his time in Georgia, Coach Stokowski offered as the head football and boys track coach at Villa Grove High college (Villa Grove, IL), a tenure that had a 2017 IHSA 2A playoff appearance. He has likewise had coaching stops at Farmington main High college (Farmington, IL) and Illinois State University.