You are watching: A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon

When Lightning Strikes

This impressive cloud-to-surface lightning arisen when a difference in electric charge gathered in a cloud family member to the ground. When the buildup of fee was good enough, a suddenly discharge of electrical energy occurred. A nerve impulse is similar to a lightning strike. Both a nerve impulse and also a lightning strike occur because of differences in electrical charge, and also both an outcome in an electric current.

api/deki/files/16317/Scheme_sodium-potassium_pump-en.png?revision=1&size=bestfit&width=527&height=237" />Figure (PageIndex2): The sodium-potassium pump maintains the resting potential that a neuron. There is an ext negative charge inside than exterior the cell membrane. ATP is used to pump sodium out and potassium right into the cell. There is more concentration that sodium exterior the membrane and much more concentration that potassium within the cell because of the unequal motion of these ion by the pump

When a neuron is not proactively transmitting a nerve impulse, it is in a relaxing state, prepared to transmit a nerve impulse. Throughout the resting state, the sodium-potassium pump maintains a difference in charge across the cabinet membrane the the neuron. The sodium-potassium pump is a system of active transport the moves sodium ions out the cells and also potassium ions right into cells. The sodium-potassium pump move both ion from areas of lower to greater concentration, using energy in ATP and carrier protein in the cell membrane. Figure (PageIndex3)shows in greater information how the sodium-potassium pump works. Sodium is the major ion in the fluid external of cells, and potassium is the major ion in the liquid inside that cells. These differences in concentration produce an electric gradient throughout the cell membrane, called resting potential. Tightly regulating membrane resting potential is vital for the infection of nerve impulses.

Action Potential

An action potential, also called a nerve impulse, is an electrical charge the travels along the membrane the a neuron. It deserve to be produced when a neuron’s membrane potential is readjusted by chemical signals from a surrounding cell. In an activity potential, the cell membrane potential transforms quickly from an unfavorable to positive as salt ions circulation into the cell through ion channels, if potassium ions flow out of the cell, as displayed in number (PageIndex3).

Figure (PageIndex3): An action potential speeds follow me an axon in milliseconds. Sodium ions circulation in and also cause the activity potential, and then potassium ions circulation out to reset the relaxing potential. action potential graph1934 5 Dollar Silver Certificate Value, Value Of 1934 $5 Silver Certificates