The Peloponnesian War, among the most far-reaching events in old Greek history, sheathe the city-states that the ancient Greek world, forever changing the region.
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This copper engraving by Matthaus Merian illustration depicts the Athenian navy defeat near Corinth over the Corinthian and also Spartan fleet approximately 430 B.C.E.
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The Peloponnesian battle was a war fought in old Greece in between Athens and also Sparta—the 2 most an effective city-states in ancient Greece at the moment (431 come 405 B.C.E.). This battle shifted power from Athens come Sparta, making Sparta the most an effective city-state in the region. The battle featured two periods of combat be separated by a six-year truce.
Athens and Sparta had previously struggle in the decades prior come the war. Among Sparta’s allies, Corinth, had directly engaged the Athenian army. Together a Spartan ally, Corinth resumed hostilities towards Athens when Athens endangered Corinth’s interests in the an ar surrounding Corcyra. This eventually drew Sparta right into the conflict. The Spartan army began by raiding lands within an Athenian allied territory, particularly a an ar near Athens dubbed Attica. The Athenians had built walls extending from their seaport to the city that Athens. The wall surfaces helped safeguard Athens from direct assault, and also its leader, Pericles, urged Athens no to connect in direct land battles through the Spartans. Instead, the Athenians used their navy to deliver troops right into the Spartan region to conduct raids ~ above settlements.
After year of open warfare, Sparta available peace and Athens accepted. The agreement was made official with the signing of the peace of Nicias. The treaty proclaimed that Athens and Sparta would defend each other for the following 50 years. However, the treaty just lasted six.
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Hostilities resumed between Athens and also Sparta v an assault launched by the Athenians in ~ Sicily. Sparta chose to retaliate. Discovering from its past experiences through the Athenian navy, they developed a fleet that warships. It would be an additional decade the warfare prior to the Spartan basic Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian battle was concluded. Simultaneous come the end of this problem came the finish of the golden age of ancient Greece.