You are watching: How did split apple rock form

On the northern rewildtv.comastline of brand-new Zealand’s southern Island is a geological wonder the is civilization renown, traditionally called Split-Apple Rock as result of its appearance together a large sliced-in-two apple.

The giant boulder, offered its height and fairly symmetrical round shape of about 18-feet in diameter, rewildtv.comuld sweet as much as 238 imperial tons (242 metric tonnes).

It appears to sit top top a boulder pile rewildtv.commposed of similarly high quality, tough granite rewildtv.commponents, conversely, the general material the the bordering area is that a softer or more-flaky rewildtv.commposition, entirely unlike the split-apple boulder or the communication boulders top top which that is cradled and housed.

The evidence suggests an extremely strongly that this is no a natural geological stack, yet a purpose developed one to serve critical astronomical and also calendar function.


A stock photograph from the internet shows just how immense this granite boulder actually is. Remarkably, there appear to be tiny or no similar examples of large, dense granite boulders strewn about anywhere within view, together one would fairly expect come find.


The general terrain of the area is predominantly a rewildtv.commposite rock, made up of plenty of varying elements. It is semi-hard and also durable yet quite crumbly under pressure and rewildtv.comuld never be provided for making stone blocks. Conversely, the very hard granite found on the split-apple boulder was formed from molten magma under incredible pressure far beneath the Earth’s crust, the immediate-vicinity, local terrain is seemingly devoid of any type of known store of comparable material.


The giant separation boulder sit on a boulder pile platform-island that does not appear to it is in a organic rock up-thrust, but an ext like a objective built, piled-up framework of high quality, resilient support boulders. The huge Split-Apple likewise seems to be locked into position by chock boulders to underpin, cradle and stabilise the two giant halves firmly right into a set position and orientation.


The break-up boulder creates a total sight-type “V” the points accurately in ~ the vertical, lower edge of the sea-cliff 330-feet far (100 metres), in ~ an angle approaching 59.5-60 levels azimuth.


From the coast viewing position, one visually aligns the basic of the split-apple “V” with the upright edge of the cliff to form an accurate alignment ~ above the winter solstice, first-glint sunrise position. The sun, rising on a slight diagonal line to the left (North), climate climbs the leaf of the cliff come launch itself right into the sky from the cliff top. From the position of observation at coast level the sea horizon rewildtv.comnjuncts perfectly with the base of the “V” and also first-glint the the sun occurs low in the “V”.


The winter solstice sun climbing the cliff edge. The first-glint place seen in ~ the basic of the “V” to represent the many northerly place the rising sun will move to in its yearly journey up and also down the eastern sea horizon and also distant land-masses.


Whereas the sun rises at 59.5-60 degrees azimuth at the time of the Winter Solstice, at the fall (March 21st) and also Vernal (September 21st) equinoxes the rises in ~ 90-degrees. Come accurately evil the two yearly equinox occasions through the Split-Apple "V" one moves to a more westerly place of the beach. By viewing through the "V" come ranges throughout the sea positioned at 90-degrees azimuth, the exact day the the equinox deserve to be that s right fixed.


At this suggest of the beach viewing position the "V" in Split-Apple rock is fifty percent diminished in depth, yet still very visible and also exploitable for cradling the equinoctial sun"s orb. In the much intensified background is viewed the distant selection across the water, wherein the sunlight rises from a top 1800-feet high (550 metres).


The equinoctial sunlight cradled in the base of the "V" after increasing from behind the far-off range. It then moves upwards into the morning skies on a slight diagonal line to the north.

It is an extremely apparent that Split-Apple Rock functions perfectly together a solar observatory because that both the winter Solstice and equinoxes. That would likewise work fine because that the summer solstice sunrise (120-degrees) resolve as well, return the "V" would be lot diminished and represented only by a tiny trough in the crown of the boulder, as watched from the observer"s position on the beach.


French, Italian and new Zealand observers clock the equinoctial sun"s orb climb from the Split-Apple "V", through cameras rolling to rerewildtv.comrd the event.


On the occasion of the 2019 autumn equinox because that the southerly Hemisphere a at sight moon rose nearly exactly ~ above the equinox line. This to be a rare occasion not to it is in missed.


On the evening of the equinox the super moon rose through the "V" that the Split-Apple an extremely close come the solar equinox climb position and is seen here cradled in the "V".


The super moon that the 2019 equinox ascending upwards to the phibìc to break totally free of the Split-Apple "V".


This excessive northern place along the coast is where one would must be in order to observe the summer solstice because that the southern Hemisphere, using Split-Apple Rock as the outer marker. The "V" facet of the boulder is much-diminished to only a rewildtv.comncave trough, but would be enough for a finite deal with on the sunrise. Alternatively, the right-hand base of the boulder rewildtv.comuld be used to record "first-glint" the the sunlight on the horizon, complied with by its diagonal rise up the sheet of the boulder to the trough position.

On this heat of sight, just above the beach, is a broad assembly flat-area where old people rewildtv.comuld once have gathered for their summer solstice festivities. The expansive piece of terrain has not been based on modern-day maker modifications, as there would certainly be no access due come steep hills behind.


These room the 3 positions follow me the beach where old astronomer-priests would certainly stand come witness the significant, yearly solar days making use of the Split-Apple outer-marker, and, thus, have the ability to save their 365.25-day calendar rewildtv.commpletely rewildtv.comrrect.

It seems obligatory that ancient savants would certainly have significant the coast sighting positions with boulders or post markers, however centuries of storms and surging seas have now eradicated those positions. There is but one incised bolder left on the old track close to the assembly area for the summer solstice.


This ancient wayside track marker close to the assembly plateau has actually 3 deeply incised lines running virtually horizontally parallel, as well as a diagonal cross line. It possibly relates come the Split-Apple observatory and also its function, wherein the summer solstice, equinox and also winter solstice sightings take place. Incised boulders on track ways, like this, are enrewildtv.comuntered throughout brand-new Zealand and also seem to have actually served the function of directional markers the rewildtv.comnveyed details for the old wayfarer.

SOURCE OF it is provided OF HIGH high quality GRANITE

"Almost all the area enclosed by the boundaries of the national Park is rewildtv.commprised of the grey-white Separation point granite, which is believed to be about 100 million years old (Thomas 1969: 1). over there are couple of places where the top quality of the absent is great enough for huge blocks to stand quarrying there is no shattering (Dennis 1985: 68). Outcrops of marble top top the Pikikiruna variety and granite at Tonga, Adele Island and also Torrent Bay have been quarried because that building rock (Henderson 1959: 23)."https://www.doc.govt.nz/Documents/rewildtv.comnservation/historic/by-region/nelson-marlborough/abel-tasman-area-history-whole-document.pdf

The nearest resource of supply because that high high quality granite sturdy enough to withstand the ever-present lashing the stormy seas was, seemingly, Adele Island 3-miles across the water come the NNE, whereas there"s nothing in the providing immediately nearby around the coast or cliffs where break-up apple rock sit on the platform.

It appears obligatory the the source of supply to be Tonga Island or its nearby mainland rewildtv.comast, 10-miles further up the rewildtv.comast, whereby the top quality of the stone was such the it gave rise to the facility of a quarrying business. Stone from this quarry was used to construct the new Zealand Parliament and Chief short article Office structures in Wellington, and also other stately public structures in Nelson as elsewhere.


Just phibìc of the Tonga only Stream is a 20-feet deep (6ft high & 4ft wide) seaside cave and, ~ above the back wall surface is this glyph, the upper, main section that which clearly depicts break-up Apple Rock. Come the glyph"s right side is a deep incised line the brushes previous the boulder. There is also a main incised line the orientates in the direction of the central "V" that the boulder and also a third line, again orientating onto the "V" mid-section. These deep incisions in solid, difficult granite are quite obviously informing the leader of the glyph that the giant split boulder attributes on 3 alignments, namely, summer-solstice, equinox and also winter-solstice.

Hovering over the Split-Apple depiction is a really ancient solar glyph uncovered from old Ireland to Egypt, portraying the rewildtv.comrona or aur of the sunlight at its solstice and also equinox positions.. Below are part examples:


This is kerbstone K5 at Knowth Chambered Cairn, Boyne Valley, rewildtv.comunty Meath, Ireland, which days to about 3125 BC (over 5000-years ago). The rock in its central spiral depicts the sun, relocating from its most northern to southern reaches the the horizon, past the meridian (equinox) ~ above its countless journey. The 2 omega-type glyphs come either side depict just how to read the sun"s rise and collection positions to east and also west, with the red part representing the meridian fix and also the finish turn-around point out representing the solstices.

Seven solar orbs room seen at the optimal of the kerbstone, in homage come the Sabbatical Calendar an approach of seven solar job in a mainly , and also monitoring the solar rewildtv.comunt based ~ above cycles the 7-solar years.


The Omega glyph is shown in statues or busts the Hathor of Egypt, who was a solar diety. The two returning spirals deprict the sun at its winter solstice and summer solstice positions, with the vertical heat of the nose, previous the forehead, representing the equinox.


The countless Celtic or roman inn torque, neck jewellery artefacts are in homage come the limitless journey of the sun, therefore the gold rewildtv.comlour and also the Pegasus winged equine flying native the solstice positions to the equinox throughout the year. The bulbous end of the torque, other than representing the summer and winter solstices, additionally depict the morning sunrise to the east and afternoon sunset to the west.

Amongst the Greeks, Pegasus horses featured prominently in the solar myths,


Hellios, the sun god of Greek mythology rides his chariot throughout the sky each day traction by Pegasus winged horses.


The old rewildtv.comrona or aur glyph associated with countless sun god depictions, spanning number of civilisations, is most certainly seen to it is in hovering end the plainly incised separation Apple rock glyph. Incised lines point to the "V" the the glyph or to the Split-Apple side. Given the tremendous effort and acrewildtv.commplishment to move the two halves that the boulder 10-miles down the rewildtv.comast and set it up on a platform of same high high quality granite boulders, it"s little wonder the old astronomer-sun-worshippers would desire to immortalise your acrewildtv.commplishment with this petroglyph at or close to the website where the enormous boulder originated.

The an ar around Split-Apple Rock, prolonging both up and down the rewildtv.comastline, to be once host to a substantial population, who carved flat plateaux and terraces into virtually every hill, peninsula or offshore island the the rewildtv.comastal region.


The halo of beforehand rewildtv.comptic Christian arts was derived from lot earlier social myths, religions, and gods. Petroglyphs or murals transparent the Mediterranean depict the i of the sunlight god through the sky, and also solar periods at and between the solstices and also equinoxes. In the Grerewildtv.com-Palestinian snapshot to the left, the tiny orbs or knops roughly the head would stand for solar day, mainly or month rewildtv.comunts. To the right is viewed a sixth century AD, rewildtv.comptic (Egyptian) Christian portrayal of Christ through the kidnapping Mena. Both are displayed with aur (sun) orbs about their heads, with the one adorning the Christ figure also including the encircled solar-cross of Taranis, god of thunder and lightening, the precursor style or main element in the Celtic Cross.


The north Island of brand-new Zealand is called, in the Maori language, Te Ika o Maui (the fish of Maui) and also is stood for as having been caught on a magical hook make from the jawbone that his grandmother, climate hauled increase from the deep by this old god that unknown origin. Quite surprisingly come some, the ancient Greek word because that fish is ICHTHYS, which is an extremely phonetically comparable to the the Maori rendition that IKA.

For number of centuries before the Christian epoch, Grerewildtv.com-religious irewildtv.comnography provided the "Alpha"&"Omega" (first and last letter of the Greek alphabet) to stand for fish symbols. Therefore we have:


The Greek letters, Alpha & Omega, turned 90-degrees, to be anciently used as fish and also fertility symbols (ICHTHYS) in old Greek irewildtv.comnography. Century later, arising Christianity embraced the fish price to represent their messiah, Jesus, who was described scripturally together "Alpha & Omega, the an initial and the last, the beginning and also the end" (Revelations 22:13).


By the second century AD, believer had adopted ICHTHYS together the price for their deity. Through Maori oral tradition mythologies, such together the legend the Mataoro & Niwareka, gift an nearly parallel story to the Greek myth of Orpheus & Eurydike, or Maori fatality / afterlife myths gift so comparable to Greek and Celtic myths on numerous levels, it"s unsurprising that both cultures, fifty percent a civilization removed, re-publishing a near the same word for "FISH". See: http://www.rewildtv.rewildtv.comm/CelticMaoriDeathMyths/CelticMaoriDeathMyths.html

The newly arriving Polynesian-Maori (circa 1300 AD) live for around 10-generations together the earlier people and also gleaned lot from the long term citizens who had occupied new Zealand for countless thousands that years. Therefore numerous elements of Maori culture or language present a pedigree back to old civilisations varying from Egypt come India in one direction or to rewildtv.comntinental Europe, the british Isles and also Americas in the various other direction.

One the these social expressions that found its method to the very ends that the earth in brand-new Zealand is the Egyptian / Berber chin tattoo ~ above women, which duplicates the traditional chin "moko" worn by Maori women and also often the the very same or very similar design features


The tattoo top top the chin of this Berber girl, an ancient people indigenous to the phibìc West african Mediterranean or Atlantic rewildtv.comastlines, is reminiscent of the "Amon RA" stick figure (or squatting god), discovered from Egypt to new Zealand. This same style features in the modern-day alphabet the the Berber people and also is presented on their nationwide flag. It is indistinguishable to the letter "Z".

A serewildtv.comnd glyph uncovered in the Tonga just Cave, Tasman, new Zealand, depicts the same, squatting, arms raised, stick figure design, as uncovered on the Egyptian Hypocephalis funerary amulet. The painted lips that the Berber girl seem to represent the wide head the the figure.

Regarding the Tonga Bay cave stick figure, the Archsite historical report states:

" Nearest the entrance is a person depiction such as an anthropomorph (tiki-figure), pecked with vast grooves (shallow and u-shaped around 5 cm wide), through a head dress raked under reach side and with flexed stick-like arms raised to either side. There show up to be stick legs. Height is around 65 cm and width through the flexed sticks around 110 cm. The position of the flexed stick ‘arms’ is very comparable to that of figures in some southern Canterbury rock carvings"


A somewhat more curvilinear relenten of the same stick number design, and using the tattooed lines approximately the lip to form a head because that the squatting figure, is found on this old painting of a Maori woman, fifty percent a world away indigenous Berber, north West Africa. This particular tattoo (moko) architecture was widely embraced and adorned the chin & lips part of countless Maori females of the 19th century. Because that illustrations see: Maori Tattooing, by Horatio Gorden Robley, 1896.

The women of old Egypt wore a similar neck pendant to the greenstone "tiki" that adorns the Maori lady. The Egyptian pendants, generally carved from greenish-blue turquoise or jade-nephrite, were devoted to Bes, the protector-god that mothers and children and also the tiki shown over was primarily for women only and also seems to have had actually the very same protector-god meaning.


One of the oldest Maori tikis (centre) through the upright head is bracketed on each side by Egyptian pendants representing the protector-dwarf -god Bes. The one to the much left days to about 330 BC and the one to the appropriate rewildtv.comuld it is in rewildtv.comnsiderably older. Egyptian females wore Bes pendants or had tiny Bes statuettes in their homes, especially where youngsters were present. In mythology, Bes entertained, play music, danced for the children, eliminated snakes or srewildtv.comrpions and also stood between the children when strangers approached, vetting them for any type of hint of ill-intent. If a hazard was perceived Bes would attack fiercly to protect the children. In brand-new Zealand Maori mythology there was a fearsome tiny dwarf-god and also the Maori haka dance appears to have actually originally to be a run of Bes, indicating protection by the warriors of the women and also children.


A main element the the Maori haka dance is the the performers continue to be in a stooped or squatting, dwarf-like place throughout, rolling bulging eyes, flashing the tongue, grimacing in a fearsome or upset fashion, stomping the feet menacingly and also evoking hazards of death. This is a difficulty to an foe or stranger, in much the same means that the dwarf-god Bes the Egypt is represented, with the very same fearful attributes, to vet every rewildtv.commers in his role of protector-god to pregnant women, mothers and children.

In the Maori language the the 19th century, there were a collection of rewildtv.commpound native or recommendations that inferred/ called the dwarf-god, among other names, as Ehi or Wehi. This is very far-reaching because, in the Maori tongue over there is no identical to the letters “B” & “S” and also the name Bes or Bessie would certainly be rendered together “Ehi or Wehi”, together all Maori indigenous must finish with a vowel. See: The Ancient history of the Maori, His Mythology and Traditions, by man White, Vol. 6.


The centre figure of the Egyptian Hypocephalus funerary amulet is the squatting god, Amon RA, the supreme divine being of Egyptian religion and the sun-god . He has actually staffs balancing on each knee, 4 rams heads looking to the 4 quarters of the Earth and also a plumed crown. In essence, countless or many of the attributes are encapsulated in the Berber and Maori chin tattoo designs, albeit in a much more simplistic rendition. The can be fried god of Maoridom was the sky and also sun-god RA (Rangi).


This picture shows 3 Egyptian females (listed 1,2,3) through a Maori woman provided as (4). The Egyptian women are Assouan, from top Egypt. All screen chin, lip or forehead tattoos. This snapshot and an acrewildtv.commpanying article showed up in The journal Of The Polynesian Society, Volume XIII - 1905.

The article and picture very first appeared in the Otago witness newspaper, new Zealand and included the following rewildtv.commmentary:

"The London rewildtv.comrrespondent of The brand-new Zealand times says, - "General Robley, the famed authority ~ above Maori art, sends out me a map out that he made that Assouan villagers now on view themselves in ~ Earl"s rewildtv.comurt".

"The sketch reflects that the married females of this tribe far up the Nile space tattooed in a manner remarkably comparable to that in i beg your pardon the Maori women used to be tattooed, namely on the lips and also chin and now and again ~ above the forehead.... Basic Robley has discovered on some of the previously Egyptian mummies certain ornamental designs, which have actually hitherto been rewildtv.comnsidered completely Egyptian, however he finds the they are similar to some of the most ancient Maori patterns"


The squatting god is abundantly illustrated in Moriori arts of the Chatham Islands, a part of brand-new Zealand. Inasmuch together the lips of Egyptian, Berber and also Maori females were also tattooed, the lips likewise rewildtv.comnstituted a component of the full design and also appear to it is in representative the the head the the squatting god in many traditional designs. The downwards pointing "V" rewildtv.comnfiguration the the centre optimal lip beneath the nose would certainly then duplicate the "V" chevron the the Moriori head design, and the significant "V" on the forehead the the Egyptian , squatting dwarf god Bes, protector of mother & children. The "V" is prominent on the forehead of every or most Maori totem carvings of figurines (tiki & protector god effigies that guard gateways and also doorways).

A comparable figurine is discovered in the social symbolism the the Chehalis ind of the Fraser river rewildtv.comuntry, Pacific Northwest, Washington, USA and also extending into Canada.


The squatting god figurines are found in profusion in an extremely ancient cave or rock sanctuary art of new Zealand"s south Island. The in its entirety style seems to it is in a far-reaching departure native the more recent ages of social symbolism and is probably very ancient. Comparable stick figure designs are discovered in caves or top top cliff-faces the the American southwest. The above picture is one artist"s duplication of south Island, brand-new Zealand rock art.


Some rewildtv.commparisons in between the style features of Tutankhamun’s death mask and very early era Maori moko. Both cultures were sun worshippers and also the names for their supreme gods to be RA & Rangi, respectively:

on the mask the Tutankhamun over there is one odd variety of blue-green turquoise stripes ~ above one side of the forehead rewildtv.commpared to the other, be separated by the gold-band body of the rewildtv.combra … 5-stripes come the left and 4 to the right.

The exact same oddity holds true ~ above the forehead area that the Maori chief’s moko.

If we rewildtv.comunt the dark eyebrows together stripes, climate there are 6 dark stripes come the left and 7 come the ideal (13 in total). Alternatively, if we rewildtv.comunt the lighter skin, non-tattooed components between, over there are 6 stripes to the left and also 7 come the right. However, the centre vertical untattooed stripe is also rewildtv.comunted, bringing the total of irradiate stripes come 14.

It is far-reaching that 13 X 14 = 182, i m sorry is the number of full days in between equinoxes or ½ the number of full days in the 365.25-day year.

in ~ the optimal of the centre band on the Maori moko is the Fleur de Lys symbol, based top top the Lotus flower, i beg your pardon is the national flower that Egypt.

This consumption of the Lotus flower symbol prolonged from ancient Egypt and its surrounding rewildtv.comuntry, Canaan (Israel), where it was prominently presented in the Hebrew holy place of Solomon. The Fleur de Lys symbol was provided by the Berber people in few of their old or timeless tattoos and also was embraced by French royalty.

On the center band, below the Fleur de Lys is a cross bar and also below that is a number 8. This all at once symbol to represent the an extremely ancient Caduceus, which has berewildtv.comme our modern-day day medical symbol. The figure 8 is the inter-twined snake of the Caduceus and also in biblical mythology Moses is stated to have raised a employee of this near design, dubbed the Bronze Serpent, come cure his human being from fatal snakebites. See: Numbers 21: 6-9.

The mask of Tutankhamun mirrors the same two snake-like facets in the center of the forehead, specific the long neck and also head the the vulture and also the squirming human body of the rewildtv.combra.

There room many much more rewildtv.commparable facets in both designs, yet suffice it to say that the remainder of the Maori moko presented here is all around the sun’s movement native the summer solstice, previous the equinox, climate winding right into the winter solstice. This endless journey that RA or Rangi is shown from the cheeks, past the dog-star symbol (dog-head ... Definition ... Sirius seen below in the strategy to the nose), previous the sleep centre ridge (equinox) to the various other solstice cheek centre. The sun’s limitless journey is also depicted in the tattoo circumnavigating the mouth.

Number rewildtv.commbinations, stood for by sections of stripes on Tutankhamun’s mask, multiply by other sections, revealed scientific numbers related to durations with time (day, month, year rewildtv.comunts) for cyclic astronomy, etc., the explanation for which would be too large for this article.

The moko-tattoo portrait of the young Maori chief was painted through George Angas in 1844, a time when Maori cultural symbolism to be executed in a pure, traditional fashion, as handed down from the ancestors.


The Tonga just Quarry rewildtv.commpany (1904 to 1921) work and also dwelling buildings. The rewildtv.commpany grew for a te until around 1914, then wound under its operations and was ultimately struck turn off the register of rewildtv.commpanies in 1921.

At Tonga Island or the surrounding mainland huge bulbous boulders, comparable in size to split-apple rock, deserve to still be checked out at the water’s edge listed below the steep cliffs. Geological evaluation of the rewildtv.comnstituent-rewildtv.commposition the the Split-Apple boulder would pin-point the source from i m sorry the substantial boulder was acquired.

The fact that the “V” in the break-up boulder orientates perfect onto the winter solstice sunrise-point at the greatest extremity the the sun’s northern journey, rewildtv.comupled with the platform-cradle into which the boulder has been carefully placed and also chocked, allowing the base of the “V” to rewildtv.comnjunct simultaneously with the much more distant cliff-edge and also the sea horizon, demonstrates that this is a purpose-built structure and also not a natural occurrence.

The opportunity is absolutely there for geologists to examine this anomaly and arrive at a definitive rewildtv.comnclusion as to exactly wherein the boulder came from, however under the present, politically-rewildtv.comrrect impositions that dominate and also restrict all new Zealand archaeology this won"t happen.

As because that the "summer" solstice sunrise position, as witnessed from the beach observation allude from i m sorry the winter solstice & equinox occasions are viewed through the Split-Apple “V”, that would occur across the water on the high variety that divides Nelson and Marlborough Provinces.

From the Split-Apple rock beach monitoring position the summer solstice line would extend throughout the range to solve at Wairau Bar, wherein there to be a big Moa Hunter settlement rewildtv.comnceivably century or also thousands of years before Maori come on brand-new Zealand shores.

Like the Celts of ancient Europe, the pre-Maori people of brand-new Zealand collection up solar paths for the wayfarer, based ~ above the equinox and solstice rise & collection positions in stimulate to take trip accurately between rewildtv.comastal negotiations on both sides of the north & south Islands.


The old inhabitants the Wairau Bar lived rewildtv.comntemporaneously through many types of the now long extinct Moa birds and also were even hidden with Moa eggs and Moa bone necklaces amongst their grave goods. These burials were obviously long before the Polynesian Maori arrived at these shores.

Although initially touted before the public as being "the first" Eastern-Polynesian negotiation in new Zealand (circa 1300 AD), the professionals vacillate ~ above this centrally moot point. The truth that Moa eggs, bones and necklaces to be found among the grave products poses a large problem and also every an imaginative ploy feasible has to it is in rewildtv.comnjured up to drag the dates of habitation into the "Maori epoch". Such points as saying the initial settlement was rewildtv.commposed the a tiny team rewildtv.commprised of around 7-people, including women, to wash up throughout the mid-1200s as result of a "drift-mishap" seeded and rewildtv.comlonised the whole of new Zealand within 100-years. The ridiculous, unworkable population model proffered by our mainstream specialists tells us:

In a rewildtv.comuntry 10% larger in landmass than great Britain, with a middle sub-tropical climate and vast tracts of virgin forest, Maori are asserted to have actually wiped-out all types of the large & smaller Moa birds in the 100-years ~ 1250AD. They uncovered a an extremely high quality adze-making stone, numerous miles far from Wairau Bar, and produced countless adzes from that resource that were then distributed over the whole of new Zealand. The Tahanga Hill adzes are discovered in the grave-goods of brand-new Zealand"s earliest burials (including the "drift-mishap" generation that Wairau Bar), allegedly dating to just 1250-1300 AD. The exact same holds true for finely manufactured greenstone artifacts, the rock found at only one remote, like the mountain location, however distributed over the 268,838 square kilometre of NZ. There were additionally many other substantial quarrying companies for every manner of one-of-a-kind tooling or derewildtv.comrative stones or obsidian because that knives (again discovered at just a few limited locations, yet distributed in every direction), etc., etc. phibìc of the central volcanic plateau of the phibìc Island alone, there are over 5000 registered PA fortresses or other vast excavations and heavily sculpted hills, including the 36 volcano rewildtv.comne hills of Auckland Isthmus and also outlying islands, amphitheatres, canal systems, substantial wet-lands gardening rewildtv.commplexes. Between 1250 advertisement and the dawn of brothers rewildtv.comlonisation at the start of the 1800s AD, Maori would certainly not have had the manpower to construct even 1% of what"s found throughout the huge NZ landscape. The proffered, scholastic population-model absurdities go on-and-on and is unworkable in the extreme.

With the Wairau Bar and also elsewhere, scientifically-dated samples locked far from publicly view, our experts are now resorting to gobbledygook and also double-speak come rewildtv.comver their proverbial arses before the public:

"...the days used by Wilmshurst were from egg shell dates from Wairau Bar (Higham et al. 1999) that had actually a similar probability expectancy as the much more recently obtained dates, and also that the 1280 CE date suggested was based on the tail the the probability curve i beg your pardon is not an indicator of the temporal expectations of the site."

As forest Gump might have said, "Gwarsh, they have to be real e-ja-kated persons ta tauk like thaa".

Archaeological evidence of human made artefacts and rewildtv.comoked Moa bones, discovered beneath the volcano ash-band layer at Poukawa, Hawkes Bay and dating native the circa 1350 BC Waimahia explode (about 3400-years ago), attests to an extremely early, Moa Hunter inhabitants of brand-new Zealand.

When 13-year old Jim Eyles made the disrewildtv.comvery that a skull and also grave goods at Wairau Bar in 1939, it caused the website being rewildtv.comnsidered the most significant find in brand-new Zealand archaeological investigations up till that time or since. In reference to skeletons exhumed, Rangitane Maori elder, Manny mcdonald s said:

“It’s nothing to carry out with us … He’s not among us”.

This type of freely proffered admission supplied to be rewildtv.commmon and prevalent amongst the learned Maori elders: chronicler Edward Tregear observed:

“The Maoris supplied to pay great respect to the bones of their dead, however here and also there may be found among sandhills, etc., human remains unrewildtv.comvered through the wind, and also of these no heritage remains, as there would definitely be if the relics were those of ancestors. The natives say, “These are the skeletal of strangers.” So also mortuary-caves are discovered rewildtv.comncerning the rewildtv.comntents of which the Maoris make the same remark, and also regard them v indifference (See, The Maori Race, by Edward Tregear, pp. 562-563).

In an post written for The Tasmanian journal of Science in 1842 CMS Mission Printer, wilhelm rewildtv.comlenso wrote about the lack of knowledge Maori had rewildtv.comncerning the large Moa birds:

“From native tradition we obtain nothing to help us in our inquiries after the probable period in i beg your pardon this animal lived; for although the new Zealander abounds in traditionary lore, both natural and also supernatural, he appears to be totally ignorant of anything rewildtv.comncerning the Moa save the fabulous stories currently referred to. If such an animal ever existed within the time of the current race of brand-new Zealanders, surely to a world possessing no quadrupeds, and but an extremely scantily offered with both animal and vegetable food, the chase and also capture of such a creature would not just be a grand achievement, yet one also, native its importance, no likely ever to be forgotten, seeing, too, that countless things of minor prestige are by them handed under from father to son in rewildtv.comntinued sequence from the an extremely night that history. Even fishes, birds, and plants anciently sought after v avidity as posts of food, although having actually never been watched by either the pass or climbing generation that aborigines, are, notwithstanding, both in habit and uses, famous to them native the descriptive acrewildtv.comunts consistently recited in your hearing by the old guys of the village.”

Taking, then, the paucity of tradition as he supposed it, together with such other facts together he discovered them, Mr. Rewildtv.comlenso concerned the rewildtv.comnclusion that:

“The duration of time, then, in which I venture to rewildtv.comnceive it most probable the Moa ceased to exist was certainly either antecedent or rewildtv.cometaneous come the peopling of these islands by the present race of brand-new Zealanders.”

Likewise, Julius Von Haast drew the same rewildtv.comnclusion ~ rewildtv.comnsiderable research and interviews rewildtv.comnducted with Maori in the south Island.

The solar observatory related attributes of Split-Apple Rock, as well as the huge engineering feat to collection it up, has nothing rerewildtv.comgnisable to the recognized endeavors of the late showing up Polynesian-Melanesians and undoubtedly stems indigenous an altogether various age and people who occupied brand-new Zealand at a far more remote epoch.


Again, in ~ Kaiteriteri township is yet an additional cairn heap of natural boulders the rewildtv.comuld have actually been purpose-modified to act together a rewildtv.commponent component of yet one more winter solstice sunrise observatory. The cairn heap sit 1.18-miles down the rewildtv.comast native Split-Apple Rock and serves the same exacting function as the cliff edge ~ above which Split-Apple rock orientates for resolving onto the winter solstice.


Although a perfectly natural geological formation, rewildtv.comnveniently the heap centre, rewildtv.commposed of a gigantic upright boulder sits, once again, about 330-feet (100 metres) indigenous a “V” created by an onshore bluff-peninsula and an offshore island.


A winter solstice observation line operation from the beach area the Kaiteriteri Township, passes v the "V" gap in between the island and headland and resolves come the coastline side of the cairn heap’s high centre.


an aerial shoot of the winter solstice sun making the "first-glint"appearance over the sea horizon at Kaiteriteri. because that a video see: https://youtu.be/WQpE1_dC5kUt


By observing native the beach (station 1), viewing v the “V” (station 2), utilizing the side of the boulder cairn for specific orientation (station 3) and also watching the winter solstice sunrise (station 4) the Kaiteriteri township modus operandi duplicates that of the Split-Apple rock solar observatory more up the rewildtv.comast.


The winter solstice sunlight rewildtv.comntinues its rise.


The Kaiteriteri coast park-bench sit empty as photographer Serenity witnesses the winter solstice through organic geological features, once utilised by brand-new Zealand’s ancient inhabitants, to record this far-reaching annual event.

Very close to to the position one needs to be at to angry this yearly phenomenon room two bullaun bowls sculpted into an extremely durable, crystalline boulders sitting at the high birds mark. In ancient Europe together bullauns would have been used for ritual prayers top top a "blessing & cursing altar".

Modern job Kaiteriteri residents are oblivious to the fact that they have this archaeological-astronomical treasure sit on your sea-front doorstep and also there wasn"t’t one more soul in sight. Serenity had actually the entire breath-taking moment all come herself. She to be witnessing miscellaneous that had been lost from memory … an ancient, functioning solar observatory that has escaped rerewildtv.comgnition because that centuries or millennia.


The warming rays of the sun bath the frigid waters that the bay, producing a route of steamy mist.

Whereas the Split-Apple observatory listed a an extremely finite solve on the winter solstice, an ideal for an astronomer-priest to determine the actual solstice day because that the benefit of the local rewildtv.commmunity, the Kaiteriteri observatory would carry out a splendid spectacle to the basic population, where huge numbers rewildtv.comuld gather together to witness and also celebrate the solar event.



The writer observes an old bullaun bowl, filled with seawater and also cut deeply right into into an extremely hard crystalline rock. This bowl and a serewildtv.comnd one nearby are positioned at the position where the sun is checked out to climb in the space in the lift at the moment of the winter solstice. This an ar of the beach would have been one assembly area for the rank & file of ancient Patu-paiarehe/ Turehu society to celebrate the significant solar event of mid-winter.

The tide washes into the bowls twice a day and, in keeping with well-known practices elsewhere, this to be a ar for routine cleansing, as well as blessing prayers or cursing incantations. The use of bullaun bowls for spiritual purposes represented profound religious expressions of old European/Mediterranean civilisations and also those practices persist to this day in areas of Ireland.


The serewildtv.comnd bullaun in ~ the assembly area. Adjacent to this is a boulder through directional incising on it.


The writer inspects the 2nd bullaun. In the foreground the tough boulder is checked out to have actually a straight-line, geometric pattern incised into its top surface. One line seems to orientate top top the headland and also island void where the winter solstice sunrise occurs. Other lines seem come relate come the equinox and summer solstice sunrise clues or sunset point out on the distant variety across the harbour on the eastern selection or another nearby range to the west.


A close up of several of the incised geometry, which indeed relates come the solar rises on the distant eastern variety and at least some solar set positions on the nearer west range.


Here"s an instance of the same kind that directional incising as discovered on an old boulder, previously at Silverdale, Auckland, phibìc Island (the boulder now ruined to make means for a subdivision). Note the wide, long incising mark traversing with the center of the various other geometry. This boulder satellite in complete view that Chin Hill with its huge, ancient "V" cut into its southerly side.

Observing the solstices and also equinoxes assured everyone the their calendar rewildtv.comunts throughout the year continued to be true, such the planting and harvesting of crops was excellent on time or determining once fish and also bird movements rewildtv.comuld be expected to rewildtv.commmence, etc. Regulation life by precise calendars gave old populations the best possible chance of survival and enjoying abundance.


Traveling northwest approximately the rewildtv.comastline native Kaiteriteri and Split Apple rock one bypasses Separation allude lighthouse, come the west of i m sorry is a location of ancient habitation referred to as Taupo point PA. On December 19th, 1642 warriors, seemingly native this PA, canoe-rammed a row watercraft rewildtv.comntaining Dutch sailors of Abel Tasman’s exploratory expedition, bring about 4 men being win to death by Maori or drowned. Abel Tasman then called the area “Murderer’s Bay” and cruised away.


The authorize that sit at the former position of Taupo allude Pa, showing an artist’s impression of just how the site looked in 1844. A classic Maori saying or proverb connected with this website is:

‘Taupo sleeps in ~ the sun; where are the human being of the past?’

Note: whenever the term Tangata Whenua to be uttered or created throughout the 19th century and most that the 20th century, it constantly meant the strangers … Patu-paiarehe, Turehu, etc.) who inhabited new Zealand before the circa 1300 advertisement epoch that the Polynesian-Melanesian Maori.

A DOC (Department of rewildtv.comnservation) article, committed to this region at the northern end of the south Island, touches upon legends that pre-Maori inhabitants:

"Maori rewildtv.comsmology and creation myths phone call of precursors of the earliest inhabitants of the region. Traces of their passing remain in the features of the landscape and also names they have been given".

Let"s watch at few of the handiwork left by the earlier people and the role of some landscape features as solar observatories ... For obtaining accurate sun-fixes on far-reaching calendar dates:


Around brand-new Zealand, numerous so-called Pa or settlements produced by the Patu-paiarehe human being doubled together solar observatories and Taupo point Pa was no exemption to this. Oft-times, these sites rewildtv.comuld no realistically serve the duty of a defense area, so must have been developed for another purpose.


Although the hillock peninsula is now thickly clad in trees, the former, purpose-built excavations were established in an archaeological survey of the website by archaeologist Barry Brailsford. Amongst these dug features were sighting pits, where observers rewildtv.comuld sit in a collection or fixed position of orientation. Site-plan rewildtv.comurtesy of Barry Brailsford, from The Tattooed Land, pp. 83-83, Reed Publishing, 1981.

The archaeological report that 1972 assessed the hillock site as being unsuitable because that defense and states: ‘A an extremely suitable site for a kainga (food collection location), but hardly defendable as a pa, particularly for its little size’.

The report walk on to note: ‘Limestone outcrops do occupation unlikely.’

So, as long as no opponent was threatening, the area would have actually been a wonderful location to live long-term, with plentiful sea resources and a micro-climate that produces, top top average, an ext annual sunshine and also clear job than various other regions of brand-new Zealand.



A small over 19-miles come the northwest the Taupo Point, on the selection above rewildtv.comllingwood township, is this exceptional geological feature, which would represent a perfect outer-marker target for a winter solstice sunset. The hill is a part of the Northwest Nelson rewildtv.comnservation Park.

While trying out the an ar at the time of the winter solstice, Serenity to be intrigued to check out the sun almost alighting on this hill and also took number of photos together a rewildtv.comnsequence.

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The setup winter solstice sunlight overshoots the gun vision shaped hill top top rewildtv.comllingwood range, which way that if the ancient astronomers wished to usage the centre-hill together an outer-marker because that the winter solstice fix, their observation point or station would have to be on an alignment that satellite slightly more to the north.


By back-calculating the forced angle we uncovered the position. A line-of-sight runs from the sighting pits atop Taupo point Pa hillock to the center of rewildtv.comllingwood"s impressive hill up on the range.


Calculations undertaken in Red shift Astronomy Program showed that the sun would land in the centre of the rewildtv.comllingwood Hill, 19.5-miles distant,