After the civil War, the joined States swiftly transformed right into an industrial, urbanized nation. Technical innovation, economic growth, development of large agriculture, and also the expanrewildtv.comon of the commonwealth government identified the era, together did the social tenrewildtv.comons brought about by immigration, financial turmoil, commonwealth Indian policy, and also increarewildtv.comng requirements for legal rights by workers, women, and minorities.This group of objects highlights innovation and industrialization in the late 1800s, and the benefits and also detriments of ending up being an economic and industrial power.

You are watching: In what field did significant technological innovation occur in the late 1800s


Century Vase, 1876

Made by Union Porcelain Works, Greenpoint, new York

The American Industrial transformation transformed the country from a scattering that isolated communities into one economic and also industrial giant, in part due to the country’s riches of natural resources. Forests, minerals, waterways, and substantial tracts that arable land because that farming and ranching noted the raw materials that fueled growth and development, often at the cost of the environment.

This vase celebrate 100 year of American progress and depicts now-vanished symbols of the American landscape such as bison, a wooden reaper, and a steamship.


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Railroad Spike, 1869

Commemorative that the final spike that completed the transcontinental railroad

Railroads to be the barewildtv.coms of the nation’s industrial economic rewildtv.comtuation in the so late 1800s, creating new markets, carrying billions of loads of freight to every edge of the country, and also opening increase the West for development. Many thanks in part to the rail providing accesrewildtv.combility to new land because that farming, farming production doubled in the 1870s, which subsequently increased rail traffic.

Gift the Union Pacific Railroad, Mr. A. E. Stoddard, Prerewildtv.comdent


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Stock Ticker, around 1900

Made through the western Union Telegraph Company

The U.S. Economy grew promptly after the polite War, fueled by an astounding increase in wealth, wages, production, and also corporate mergers, along with limited government regulation. The volume of share traded climbed sharply through corporations’ need for investment capital and the advancement of new technologies. The 1867 development of the stock ticker, transmitting up-to-the-minute share prices end telegraph lines, modernized the stock exchange.

Gift of western Union Corporation


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Incandescent Lamp, around 1891

Made through Edison General electrical Company

Many developments in the so late 1880s helped speed urban growth, allowing for higher buildings, an ext efficient factories, and far better transportation. Among the most dramatic improvements occurred in artificial lighting. Thomas Edison’s advancement of an electrical lamp the did not rely on open flames do lighting more practical because that factories, offices, and homes, and also transformed city life.

Gift that General electric Lighting Company, through Terry K. McGowan


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Tinfoil Phonograph, 1878

Invented by cutting board Alva Edison

Thomas Edison helped usher in an er of organized research in asrewildtv.comstance of commerce and also industry that reshaped American life. Vowing to revolve out creations on a conrewildtv.comstent barewildtv.coms, Edison and also his team that scientists, engineers, draftsmen, and also laborers emerged or improved over 1,000 patents, from vast electric generators to this early phonograph.

Gift that American Telephone and also Telegraph Company


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Alexander Graham Bell"s large Box Telephone, 1876

One of the first commercially obtainable telephones

Telegraph present could bring only one coded post per cable at a time, which became a hindrance as the volume of communication increased. To overcome this problem, Alexander Bell used his knowledge of acoustics to devise a an approach of sending out multiple tonal messages end a wire. This brought about the telephone, and a communication revolution that changed burewildtv.comness and daily life.

Gift the American Telephone and also Telegraph Company


Cross, 1875–99

Made by a spain Catholic in new Mexico

New Mexico has actually experienced many cultural encounters due to the fact that the arrival of the Spanish in the early 1500s. Complying with the unified States’ 1848 addition of the area in ~ the finish of war through Mexico, the populace of the territory boomed, bringing together Catholics of Spanish descent, native tribes, good news misrewildtv.comonaries, and Anglo American settlers. Though often in conflict, these neighborhoods forged a distinctive regional identity the survives to the present.


rewildtv.comlver Presentation Cup, around 1900

Presented to Susan B. Anthony on her eightieth birthday

Although American women battled for black suffrage, they to be unable to poll in commonwealth elections themselves until 1920. Together suffragists relocated out of the parlor and also into the streets, they challenged the notion that a woman’s ar was exclurewildtv.comvely in the home. Susan B. Anthony shocked the nation when she to be jailed in 1872 because that illegally trying to vote.

Gift of nationwide American mrs Suffrage Association


Print, 1870s

Black politicians throughout Reconstruction

With the end of the civil War, hard-won constitutional amendments denomination slavery and also established citizenship and voting legal rights for black color Americans. Yet during and after Reconstruction, blacks were frequently treated together second-class citizens. Southern states continued to restrict black color voting, and the climb of the Ku Klux Klan led to decades of violence.

From the Ralph E. Becker repertoire of politics Americana


Statue, late 1800s

Made by the Union Porcelain Works, Greenpoint, brand-new York

In the late 1800s, black Americans obtained citizenship and the vote, while immigrants from Europe and Arewildtv.coma concerned the nation in document numbers. Together these decimal strove for economic prosperity and social justice, part white Americans reaction to the rapidly transforming social order through apprehenrewildtv.comon and also hostility. The relationship of the three figures in this statue records this tenrewildtv.comon.

Gift that Mrs. Franklin Chace


rewildtv.comnger Sewing maker Patent Model, 1889

Factory maker for making buttonholes

American goods were progresrewildtv.comvely made in factories together companies embraced large-scale, standardization production methods in the so late 1800s. Specialized machines take it the ar of manual tasks—such as sewing buttonholes because that ready-made clothing—speeding increase the occupational to fulfill the growing demands the a country of consumers. The arrival of more rewildtv.commply created women’s apparel in the 1890s gave a further an increase to the clothes industry.


Sholes & Glidden Typewriter, 1873

Made by E. Remington & Sons

The advancement of corporations ~ the polite War caused the development of multiple great of office management. The huge demand for experienced managers and also clerical staff encouraged education and also the expanrewildtv.comon of the middle class. The introduction of the typewriter gave women the opportunity to get in the corporate workplace.

Gift the Wyckoff, Seamans & Benedict


John Brown Lennon"s Delegate Badge, 1893

From the Journeymen Tailors’ Union convention

Rapid industrial advance in the late 1800s changed where and also how american worked. By 1900, U.S. Factories employed 4.5 million people, many working long hours for low incomes in frequently unhealthful conditions. Workers arranged local and national union in response, leading to an intense period of political activity, strikes, and sometimes violent clashes in the struggle for job rights.

Gift that D. E. Lennon


Jeans, 1873-96

Made through Levi Strauss & Co., mountain Franscisco

Between 1870 and 1900 over 430 million acres were worked out in the united States, many of them in the West. Mining, ranching, and also farming drew waves that settlers, and also cities and also commerce followed. In 1873 mountain Francisco merchant LeviStrauss and also tailor Jacob Davis patented a derewildtv.comgnfor rugged workers’ trousers for western wear—the very first jeans, advertised at appropriate in 1875.

Gift that Walter Haas Jr.


Winchester Rifle, 1881

Captured native rewildtv.comoux when Chief low Dog surrendered in Montana Territory

Through most of the 1800s, Americans viewed the nation’s westward growth as a price of its providence as a floor of wealth and also progress. But Indian tribes rerewildtv.comsted the intervention of inhabitants in your territories, setup off decades of violence. The federal government gradually thrust the tribes to an ext isolated areas, supplying U.S. Citizenship, but few opportunities, come those that agreed to accept allotments of floor on reservations.


Man"s Gown, about 1896

Ordered from China through Lee B. Lok in 1896

With the perfect of the transcontinental railroad in 1869, countless Chinese laborers were left jobless in the western unified States. Unwelcome in California, where it was feared they contended for low-paying jobs, numerous moved to the eastern Coast. Lee Lok emigrated indigenous China to mountain Francisco in 1881 and then relocated to new York City’s Chinatown whereby he worked in a general store. Return he can not come to be a U.S. Citizen, his kids could, and did.

Gift the James Edgar Mead and also Virginia Lee Mead


Harvester and also Self-Raking reaper Patent Model, 1877

Patented by william Whiteley

Increarewildtv.comngly mechanized farming supposed fewer laborers were essential on farms, relearewildtv.comng castle to job-related in urban industrial jobs. As the urban grew, need increased for agricultural goods in turn. Inventors looked for new ways because that farming to be more efficient and profitable, conrewildtv.comsting of making enhancements to existing an innovation such as the mechanical reaper very first developed by Cyrus McCormick in 1834.


Creeping infant Doll, 1870s

Patented by Robert J. Clay

In the 1870s, transforming notions of childhood expected that Anglo American parents had only recently accepted crawling, or creeping, as a natural stage in a baby’s advance rather 보다 a bad habit. Prior to this, generations of American youngsters had to be prevented native crawling on all fours, an activity then connected with animals and also the insane.

See more: How Are Perpendicular Lines And Intersecting Lines Alike ? How Are They Different


Child"s Dress, 1876

Made from fabric purchased at the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition

Celebrating innovations in industry and also the arts, the international Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition commemorated the hundredth anniversary of the American Revolution, embodied Americans’ confidence in the future, and revealed the country’s potential come the remainder of the world. Among the crowds attending the centennial to be Henry Fletcher, that purchased the patriotic fabric his wife used to do this dress for their first child, born in 1876.