usage this Real-Life Lens class to help students dive deep into Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and also examine and engage with the play with the lens the love.

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Metaphors, Similes, and also Personification

Students will determine metaphors, similes, and also personification in Romeo and Juliet and also explain how and why this poetic devices are supplied to convey complicated character emotions.

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Mercutio: A Character research Through Film

Students will certainly watch act 3, step 2 native three various film version of Romeo and also Juliet and compare the ways the directors depict the scene. Lock will consider the choices each director makes and also how every decision affect the character of Mercutio.

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Summarize v Four-Layered Notes

Students will use a helpful note-taking strategy come summarize and also dissect passages from Romeo and Juliet.

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Finding function in Poetic Devices, Motifs, and Themes

Students will certainly identify and analyze poetic tools used in an essential passages in the text and also determine Shakespeare's objective in utilizing each device.

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Character Development

Students will use this worksheet to map two an additional characters’ development in Romeo and Juliet and also analyze their motivations.

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Fate and Foreshadowing

Students will usage this worksheet to explore the motif the fate and how Shakespeare foreshadows numerous outcomes that the pat by finding and also exploring several instances of foreshadowing in Romeo and also Juliet.

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Romeo and also Juliet Today

Students will update the setup of a favored scene indigenous Romeo and also Juliet and also then compose a modern-day version of the dialogue.

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The Language that Love and Hate

Students will usage this worksheet to discover words native Romeo and also Juliet that are regarded love and hate. They will ar each indigenous on an intensity spectrum and defend their choices.

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Love and Marriage throughout Romeo and Juliet"s Time

This handout help students understand attitudes towardyoung love and marriage during the Elizabethan era and provides background info to aid with understanding of the play.

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Poetics great

Metaphors, Similes, and Personification

grade level 9-10 duration 30-40 minute CCSS RL.9-10.1, RL.9-10.2, RL.9-10.3, RL.9-10.4

Lesson Overview

Students will identify instances of metaphors, similes, and personification in wilhelm Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet and define how and also why these poetic tools are offered to convey the complex emotions of the characters. The accompanying worksheet can be completed plenty of times as students check out the text.

Get the worksheets for this class (plus much more!) in the printed SparkTeach overview forRomeo and also Juliet.


Lesson Objectives

1. Students will identify metaphors, similes, and also personification in Romeo and also Juliet come analyze just how poetic gadgets are used to convey facility emotions.

2. Students will correlate the literal, or concrete, definition of language supplied figuratively through the summary idea the language is provided to convey.

3. Students will analyze the purpose and function of metaphors, similes, and also personification.

Instructional Sequence

1. Convey the objective of comparison.

Abstractions by definition are complicated for students to comprehend. Since the objective of literary works in every its creates is, ultimately, to convey part abstract concept around the human problem in a coherent manner, writers regularly employ literary and poetic gadgets that make the intangible attributes of life’s suffer concrete and relatable to the audience. Abstract concepts like love, jealousy, fear, and hate have actually a myriad of complex and nuanced characteristics. In stimulate to plainly convey these concepts, writers regularly rely on comparisons in the form of figurative language.

2. Define metaphor, simile, and also personification and provide examples indigenous the text.

Both metaphors and similes compare 2 seemingly unlike facets in order to convey abstract meaning.

Ask volunteer to define metaphor and simile and also encourage students to compose the meanings in your notebooks or straight on their worksheets.

- Metaphors are a straight comparison of two unlike things.

- Metaphors are presented v words or phrases that are not literally true.

- Similes role exactly the same way as metaphors, however the compare they make are linked through the usage of native such together like, as, than, and so.

One of the easiest ways for student to recognize a an allegory or simile is come ask the question: Is the definition of words or expression in the message literal? In act 1, scene 1, line 181 of No are afraid Shakespeare Romeo and also Juliet, Romeo explains to Benvolio that “Love is a smoke made through the fume that sighs<.>” In this metaphor, love, an summary idea, is compared to smoke. The idea that relates to the abstract element, love, is made clean by its partnership to the concrete, smoke.

Romeo’s comparison suggests that love is choose smoke. In stimulate to find what Romeo way by linking love and smoke, we must consider how love and smoke may be similar. Acting is intangible, together is love. Smoke provides it an overwhelming to see and hard to breathe. Love can make it complicated for a human to check out reason, and it can cause mental and also emotional pressure and excitement, which makes it difficult to breathe. Therefore, we have the right to see the Romeo compares love come smoke to demonstrate that love have the right to make it challenging to see reason and also think clearly.

Personification occurs when an include comparison is made between an summary idea or tangible object and also some person quality. The plot of personification animates, or offers life to, the abstraction and also imbues it v a person quality. Personification is most regularly used to move the within emotions the a personality onto the world roughly him or her.

One the the easiest methods for students come identify instances of personification is to ask the question: Is this idea or thing in the text given human characteristics—does the writer suggest it can do other a human have the right to do? In No Fear act 1, scene 1, lines 161–162, if Romeo describes his depression come Benvolio, that states, “Alas, the love, whose view is muffled still, / Should, there is no eyes, watch pathways to his will!” Here, love is referred to as having a “view” and “seeing,” both of i beg your pardon are human being qualities. Romeo demonstrates the love, like Cupid who is referenced earlier, is blind or has a “muffled view,” which makes it challenging to see. In using this example of personification, Romeo asserts his challenge making rational decisions since of his feelings.

3. Recognize text selections.

Have each student determine a passage from the message that contains at the very least two metaphors, similes, and/or instances of personification. The passages need to be short—approximately 6 to twelve lines. You may want to limit the variety within the text that students search to a single act or scene. Longer speeches native one character might be simpler for students to work with initially, yet passages can also include conversations with multiple participants. (Note the this task can be offered to help in the evaluation of any type of piece of message that employs metaphors, similes, and also personification.)

Copy this passage onto the plank for exercise with the class.


Why, such is love’s transgression.

Griefs the mine own lie heavy in mine breast,

which thou wilt propagate to have actually it pressed

With more of thine. This love the thou aside from that shown

Doth add more grief come too much of mine own.

(No Fear: 1.1.176–180)

Other passages that are rich in metaphor, simile, and personification are:

Romeo: 1.4.104–111 and 2.2.1–17

Juliet: 2.2.38–49 and 3.2.1–25

Capulet: 3.5.175–186 and 4.4.63–69

Prince: 5.3.305–310

4. Summary the text.

Have student jot down a two- to three-sentence an introduction detailing the events, ideas, or information presented in the selected passage. Have two or 3 students share their summaries and also draw indigenous them to construct a summary on the board.

Romeo clues to Benvolio that he, Romeo, is depressed and also that the reason for his depression is love. Romeo feels even worse now because Benvolio is concerned around him.

5. Identify the metaphors, similes, and/or personification.

Invite students approximately the plank to underline the metaphors, similes, and/or personification in the passage and also label castle appropriately.

6. To compare the concrete to the abstract.

Have students identify the concrete depiction of each an allegory and simile in the passage. Then have actually them determine the abstract idea the figurative language is intended to convey. Finally, students should describe how the poetic machine is provided in respect to the speaker’s purpose.

Concrete representation: lying heavy explains a physical pressure of load upon a person.

Abstract idea: Grief is compared to load in stimulate to display that it has actually a physical effect on Romeo. Romeo feeling the load of his grief, i beg your pardon is as result of his unrequited love of Rosaline, and also this weight is do it an overwhelming for him to act.

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Speaker’s purpose: Romeo describes his grief as being heavy in stimulate to show his deep sadness and show the burden it locations on him.