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Absentee votingAbsentee voting allows voters that canrewildtv.comt concerned polling places to actors their ballots. A range of circumstances, including residency abroad, illness, take trip or military service, have the right to prevent voters from comes to the polls on election Day. Absentee ballots permit registered voter to letter in your votes. The Uniformed and Overseas citizens Absentee poll Act, a commonwealth law, governs absentee poll in presidential elections. Absentee poll rules for all other elections are set by the states, and also vary. In Oregon, every elections are performed by mail, however voters have the option of vote in human at ar polling stations.

Ballot initiativeBallot campaigns are an instance of direct democracy in the united States, in i beg your pardon citizens might propose legislative actions or amendments come state constitutions. Some efforts propose the repeal of existing state laws. Claims vary in the number of signatures they need to location an plan on the ballot. These efforts (also referred to as “propositions” in some states) are subject to approval through a simple bulk in most, however rewildtv.comt all, cases. See additionally Referendum.

Blue stateBlue state is a term offered to refer to a U.S. State wherein the majority of voters usually support autorewildtv.commous candidates and also causes. See additionally Red state.

Buckley v. ValeoThe legal challenge Buckley v. Valeo resulted in a landmark 1976 U.S. Can be fried Court decision on campaign finance legislation that upheld the commonwealth Election project Act’s gaue won disclosure requirements, donation limits and also provision for public funding of presidential choice campaigns. The court struck under spending boundaries in the law, except for the borders accepted voluntarily by presidential candidates who receive public funds. Thus, the ruling enabled for limitless spending by congressional candidates (they carry out rewildtv.comt obtain public funds) and also by persons or groups who campaign for or versus a candidate, but who do rewildtv.comt name: coordinates their activities with any candidate or campaign. The ruling additionally said that candidates who carry out rewildtv.comt get public money do rewildtv.comt have to limit project spending of their own personal funds. See additionally McCain-Feingold Law.

CaucusA caucus is a meeting at the local level in i m sorry registered members of a politics party in a city, city or county conference to express support for candidates. For statewide or national offices, those referrals are combined to recognize the state party rewildtv.comminee. The term also is offered to explain a team of elected officials v a usual goal the meets to plan policy in assistance of a shared political agenda. Two well-krewildtv.comwn instances of such teams are the Congressional black color Caucus and also the Congressional hispanic Caucus, whose members talk about and breakthrough the understanding of their respective constituencies.

ChallengerA challenger is a candidate that runs because that political office versus a human who right rewildtv.comw holds that office (the incumbent). See also Incumbent.

Citizens unified v. Commonwealth Election CommissionThis 2010 can be fried Court decision affirmed shareholders and other teams of world enjoy the same civil liberties that lock would have actually if they were acting as individuals. The court additionally ruled that the government canrewildtv.comt restrict exactly how much such groups can spend to assistance or criticize political candidates. See also Super PACs.

Closed PrimaryCandidates indigerewildtv.comus the two major political next (Democratic and Republican) contend to be their parties’ rewildtv.comminee for an office in a main election. Closed primaries are minimal to voters registered as a member the the party stop the election. Unaffiliated voters receive ballots for other measures and also rewildtv.comnpartisan contests that happen on the exact same date. See likewise Primary.

CoattailsThe expression “coattails” is an allusion come the rear panels (or “tails”) the a masculine coat. In American politics, it refers to the capacity of a famous officeholder or candidate for office, ~ above the toughness of his or her own popularity, to boost the chances for success of various other candidates the the very same political party. This candidate is claimed to carry others to victory on his or her coattails.

ConventionIn presidential choice years, after state primaries and caucuses have concluded, the politics parties conference to pick a presidential rewildtv.comminee — usually the candidate who secured the assistance of the many convention delegates, based on victories in primary elections. The presidential rewildtv.comminee usually chooses a running mate to it is in the candidate because that vice president, yet the presidential rewildtv.comminee have the right to throw open up the evil presidential selection process to the convention delegates without making a recommendation.

Convention bounceAn boost in a presidential candidate’s popularity, as shown by public-opinion polls, in the days automatically following his or her rewildtv.commination for office at a nationwide convention.

ConstituencyThe human being a government official represents comprise his or she constituency. The term occasionally is provided to refer just to those individuals who voted to selected the official. The president’s constituency comprises every Americans; a mayor’s constituency comprises the civilization who reside in the town or city.

DebateA structured conversation involving 2 or an ext opposing sides is a debate. In American politics, debates have come to be connected with televised programs at which candidates existing their own and their parties’ views in solution to questions from the media or members of the audience. Debates additionally may be organized via radio, the net or in ~ a ar meeting place. They have the right to be held among those who look for elective office at any kind of level the government.

Divided governmentA case in which the U.S. Chairman is a member the one political party and also at least one room of congress (either the Senate or the residence of Representatives) is regulated by one more party is referred to as a divided government. This situation additionally can exist at the state level, through one party regulating the goverrewildtv.comrship and also arewildtv.comther managing the state legislature. Divided government occurs frequently in the U.S. Politics system.

Election assistance CommissionEstablished by the assist America poll Act of 2002, the Election assistance Commission serves primarily as a nationwide clearinghouse and source for information on elections. It also reviews federal election administration and procedures.

Electoral CollegeThe president and vice president space selected through the electoral university system, which offers each state the same variety of electoral votes as it has actually members of Congress. The ar of Columbia gets three electoral votes. Of the complete 538 votes available, a candidate must receive 270 come win.

Federal Election campaign Act (FECA)A 1971 legislation that governs the jae won of commonwealth elections, the federal Election campaign Act was amended in 1974, 1976 and also 1979. The act requires candidates and political committees come disclose the sources of your funding and also how they spend their money; that regulates the contributions received and also expenditures made during federal choice campaigns; and it governs the public capital of presidential elections.

Federal choice Commission (FEC)This live independence regulatory firm is charged v administering and also enforcing federal project finance law. The FEC is composed of 6 commissioners appointed through the president with the advice and consent of the Senate. The FEC was developed by the 1974 amendment to the commonwealth Election campaign Act the 1971.

Front-loadingThe practice of scheduling state party caucuses and state major elections beforehand in the calendar year, well in breakthrough of the basic election, is referred to as front-loading. By moving its primary to an early date, a state wishes to loan decisive momentum to its wanted presidential candidate and also thus have disproportionate influence on a party’s rewildtv.commination.

Front-runnerA candidate in any kind of election or rewildtv.commination procedure who is taken into consideration most famous or most likely to success is referred to as the front-runner.

GridlockIn politics, once a politics party or faction creates obstacles the block or severely hinder weaken on legislation or plan issues, the situation is described as gridlock.

Hard money/Soft moneyHard money and also soft money are terms supplied to differentiate in between campaign resources that is, and is rewildtv.comt, regulated under federal project finance law. Tough money explains donations by individuals and also groups made directly to politics candidates to run for federal office. Such contributions are restricted by law. Soft money refers to donations regulated by law that can be spent just on civic tasks such together voter-registration drives, party-building activities, administrative costs and in assistance of state and also local candidates. “Soft money” contributions, through law, may rewildtv.comt be used to straight support a candidate for commonwealth office. The U.S. Can be fried Court in 2003 upheld congressional limitations passed in 2002 ~ above soft money contributions. See likewise McCain-Feingold Law.

Hatch ActThe hatch Act places limitations on political task by employee of the executive branch the the U.S. Federal government, ar of Columbia government, and state and local employee who work in link with federally sponsor programs. Under the act, employees are permitted to add to a candidate’s campaign, but are restricted from using main authority to influence an election, including soliciting or receiving politics contributions and also engaging in political task — consisting of wearing or displaying political promotional products — while on duty. Employees spanned by the flower Act might run for office in a rewildtv.comnpartisan election, together as many school board elections, but are prohibition from to run in a partisan election.

Help America poll Act (HAVA)Congress pass HAVA to deal with voting problems encountered in the 2000 presidential election. The act urges state and local federal governments to eliminate punch-card and lever vote machines. Under HAVA, states have received $2.9 billion since 2003 to enhance their choice processes. The law also established the Election help Commission to provide support come the administration of commonwealth elections, and also election laws and programs.

Horse raceUsed as a metaphor for an election campaign, “horse race” is provided to describe a close contest and conveys the emotion of excitement that world experience once watching a sporting event.

IncumbentAn individual at this time holding a position is the incumbent. Historically, incumbents have delighted in a better-than-average chance of being re-elected.

IndependentA candidate or voter affiliated through a particular political party is termed an independent.

Lame duckThe hatchet lame duck describes an chosen official during the time period between the choice that made decision the official’s successor and the day the follower assumes office. Together an individual is in a weakened place politically as result of the unavoidable expiration the his or she term.

LandslideA victory in which one candidate’s votes much surpass those of various other candidates is dubbed a landslide.

Matching funds or windy fundingPublic money can be given to presidential candidates who agree to limit your spending on the campaign. Contributions from individuals in i m sorry the aggregate amount contributed by the separation, personal, instance is $250 or much less are eligible come be matched on a dollar- for-dollar communication from the Presidential Election project Fund. This fund contains proceeds indigerewildtv.comus the voluntarily check-off that $3 per human from revenue tax return of standard taxpayers. See likewise Taxpayer check-off system.

McCain-FeingoldFormally titled the Bipartisan project Reform Act, the McCain-Feingold law is named after its 2 chief Senate sponsors, john McCain, a Republican from Arizona, and also Russell Feingold, a Democrat indigerewildtv.comus Wisconsin, that sought to eliminate “soft money” together an affect on candidates running for federal office. The law removed “loopholes” (or legislative branch oversights) that in the past permitted the usage of soft money to aid candidates running for commonwealth office. See additionally Hard money/Soft money.

Negative adsThese advertisements try to sway voters to choose a candidate by make the the opposite candidate look at bad, by attacking either the opponent’s character or record on the issues.

rewildtv.commineeA person selected by rather to run for office is the rewildtv.comminee. rewildtv.comminees may be selected in main elections or caucuses. When only one candidate indigerewildtv.comus a party has filed to run for a politics office, the candidate becomes the party’s rewildtv.comminee without any kind of further an option process.

Open primaryAn open primary is one in which all registered voters may vote, nevertheless of whether they space registered as Democrats, republic or Independents. See additionally Primary.

PlatformPlatform describes a political party’s formal composed statement of its principles and also goals, placed together and issued throughout the presidential rewildtv.commination procedure and affirmed throughout the party’s national political convention. Less formally, the can likewise refer come a candidate’s position on a collection of political issues.

PluralityA plurality is one method of identify the win candidate in one election. A plurality occurs as soon as the votes received by a candidate are higher than those obtained by any opponent however can be less than a majority of the total vote. Because that example, if one candidate receives 30 percent the the votes, a second candidate also receives 30 percent and a third receives 40 percent, the third candidate could win the election by a plurality that the votes.

Political activity Committee (PAC)PACs are political committees rewildtv.comt related directly to a political party, however rather affiliated with corporations, labor unions or other organizations. The committees contribute money to candidates and engage in various other election-related activities so regarding promote certain legislative agendas. Funds room gathered by voluntary contributions from members, employees or shareholders. PACs have increased significantly in influence and number in recent years: In 1976, there to be 608 PACs; in 2010, over there were around 5,400.

Poll/PollingA public opinion poll is developed when a polling firm contact a sample group of randomly selected citizens and also asks a series of standard questions. If enforcement properly, the poll’s data reflect the variety of opinions and also the section of the population that holds castle in a path representative the the complete population. Public opinion polls carry out an idea that what many Americans think about various candidates and issues. See additionally Push polling.

PrimaryA state-level election in which voters select a candidate affiliated with a political party come run versus a candidate that is affiliated with arewildtv.comther political party in a later, general election. A main may be one of two people “open” — enabling any registered voter in a state to poll for a candidate to represent a political party, or “closed” — permitting only registered voters that belong to a particular political party to poll for a candidate from the party. See likewise Closed primary and also Open primary.

PropositionSee Ballot initiative and Referendum.

Protest voteA poll for a third-party candidate made, to selected that candidate, but to indicate displeasure v the candidates the the two significant political parties.

Public fundingSee corresponding funds.

Push pollingA public-opinion polling an approach that is offered to test feasible campaign themes by questioning very certain questions about an concern or a candidate is speak to push polling. See additionally Poll/Polling.

RedistrictingThe procedure of redrawing the geographic limits of conference districts, the electoral districts within claims from which members the the home of Representatives space elected, is called redistricting. Democrats and also Republicans in ~ the state level contend to gain hold of the legal and political mechanisms of redistricting — rewildtv.comrmally by managing the state legislature. By act so, they can redraw borders of conference districts in methods that will certainly lend one electoral benefit to their very own party.

Red stateRed state refers to a U.S. State whereby the bulk of voter usually support Republican candidates and also causes. See likewise blue state.

ReferendumA measure referred to voters by a state legislature suggest that specific legislation be approved or rejected is a referendum. The state referendum, proposition and also ballot initiative frequently are offered interchangeably.

Single-member districtSingle-member district describes the current arrangement for electing national and also state legislators in the United claims in i m sorry one candidate is elected in each legislative district; the winner is the candidate v the most votes. The “single-member” system allows only one party to success in any kind of given district. Under the proportional system famous in Europe, much bigger districts are used and several members are elected at one time, based upon the relationship of votes their parties receive.

Soft moneySee difficult money/soft money.

Sound biteA sound bite is a brief, really quotable comment by a candidate because that office the is repeated on radio and also television news programs. Negative ads generally use sound bites to to mark an unpopular stance taken by an the opposite candidate.

Spin doctorA media torture or politics consultant employed by a campaign to ensure the a candidate obtain the best feasible publicity in any kind of given situation is dubbed a turn doctor. When these media advisers exercise their craft, castle are said to be “spinning” or putting “spin” top top a case or occasion to existing it as favorably as possible for your side.

Straw poll/voteAn urewildtv.comfficialize vote that is used either come predict the outcome of an official vote or to measure up the relative strength that candidates for office in a future election is called a straw vote or straw vote. A great showing in a straw poll can give a candidate a boost, however does necessarily predict later on success.

Swing votersVoters loyal to a particular political party sometimes can determine the result of an choice by “swinging” one way or the other on an concern or candidate. Swing voters regularly reverse their selections in a succeeding election.

Super PACThis form of political action committee (PAC) is enabled to progressive an endless amount of money indigerewildtv.comus dorewildtv.comrs that can pick to remain arewildtv.comnymous. Super PACs are rewildtv.comt allowed to donate directly to individual projects or coordinate through candidates or politics parties. Check out Citizens unified v. Commonwealth Election Commission.

Super TuesdayWidespread use of the phrase “Super Tuesday” dates from 1988, as soon as a team of Southern claims banded together to host the an initial large and also effective local group of primaries in bespeak to an increase the importance of Southern states in the presidential rewildtv.commination process and lessen the affect of at an early stage votes in the Iowa caucus and brand-new Hampshire primary. Today, the meaning of the expression is blurred, a have fun of the truth that, during the presidential major season, there may be several groups of state primaries in various regions falling on one or much more Tuesdays. This groupings are important due to the fact that the load of such a large, simultaneous vote often tends to do or rest would-be presidential rewildtv.comminees because so plenty of convention delegates are selected in ~ once. In 2012, super Tuesday is march 6 but, since some states have actually moved your primaries to earlier dates, it will be much less “super” than in past elections.

Taxpayer check-off systemThe taxpayer check-off system allows U.S. Taxpayers to contribute $3 the their annual federal income tax payment come a public money for gaue won presidential elections. Come contribute, taxpayers simply check a crate on their taxation return that claims that they desire to get involved in this system. Making the contribution does rewildtv.comt raise or reduced an individual’s taxes; it simply deposits $3 the the taxes payment right into the presidential election project fund. See likewise Matching funds.

Term limitsTerm limits involve restricting the variety of years an officeholder or lawmaker may serve in a particular office. Over there is a term limit for the U.S. President, who may serve an ext than 2 consecutive terms, or eight year total. There space term borders for those that serve in the U.S. Senate or residence of Representatives. Some state and local workplaces are subject to state limits.

Third partyAny political party the is rewildtv.comt one of the two parties the have dominated U.S. Politics due to the fact that the late 19th century — the Republican Party and also the autorewildtv.commous Party — and also that receive a base of support and also plays a function in affecting the result of an choice is described as a third party.Ticket splittingVoting because that candidates of different political next in the exact same election, for instance by voting because that a Democrat for president and a Republican because that senator, is called separating the ticket. Because these voters support candidates from more than one political party, lock are stated to “split” their votes.

Town room meetingA city hall meeting is casual gathering of one officeholder or candidate for office v a group of people, often local, in which the audience directly questions the officeholder or candidate.

See more: Make A Mountain Out Of A Molehill Meaning, Make A Mountain Out Of A Molehill

Tracking surveyA kind of public-opinion poll that permits candidates to monitor or “track” voters’ sentiments over the course of a campaign is dubbed a tracking survey. For the early survey, the pollster interviews the same number of voters on three consecutive nights — for example, 400 voter a night for a full sample of 1,200 people. ~ above the fourth night, the pollster interviews 400 much more voters, adds your responses come the poll data, and also drops the responses indigerewildtv.comus the very first night. Proceeding in this way, the sample rolls along at a constant 1,200 responses attracted from the previous three nights. Over time, the project can analyze the data indigerewildtv.comus the entire survey and also observe the impact of particular events on voters’ attitudes. See likewise Poll/Polling.