does explain why the laws and behaviors observed in biology room as they are? ns feel favor biology and are totally separate and although recognize what"s possible in biology, we have actually no idea exactly how determine every facets the biology. Us know approximately how pressures in may influence biological systems, yet not every tiny connections and also relations the exist in between and also biology. Am ns wrong?



To get an ext insight into a question like this, you might like come ponder the relationship in between logic gates and also programming languages in the instance of computers. This is a lot simpler than the—biology question, but begins to open up up few of the issues. When a computer system runs a program, definitely lots of logic gates and memory elements etc. Are enacting the procedure described through the program. But the logic entrances do not themselves tell girlfriend much about the structure and nature of a high-level programming language such together Java or Python. In a similar way, additional study that atoms and molecules will certainly not in itself expose much about the immune device in mammals, or the social framework of one ant colony, and things like that.

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This "answer" is really a quick comment on what is, in the end, fairly a deep worry concerning the totality nature and also structure of clinical knowledge. One more useful point to ponder is the relationship in between the concepts associated when one move from the equations of bit to many-body Over there is every reason to take into consideration that the activities of a non-linear many-body mechanism are all continual with the description available by the Standard version of particle for all the assorted fields and also interactions. However, the low-level summary does no in chin tell us exactly how to formulate a ar theory i m sorry correctly captures the main aspects of the cumulative behaviour.

It is a little like the difference in between knowing the rules of chess and knowing just how the game is play to a high standard. Because that the last one needs to appreciate part higher-level issues such as the prominence of the central squares, pawn structure, open files and things favor that. It is not that these room somehow operating without regard come the legislations constraining the motion of the pieces, however rather the low-level legislations (about just how individual pieces might move) merely do not framework a language sufficient to explain the higher-level issues. This analogy v chess is no perfect, of course, yet it is apt nonetheless, and also it illustrates why that is quite misleading to claim, as numerous do, that " explains chemistry". The instance is an ext subtle than that.

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For example, the plot of plenty of chemical reaction networks has functions which do not depend much if at all on the individual reactions, yet on the an international structure the the network. It is no that together networks fail come respect any kind of law the, yet the summary at the level that individual contents cannot structure a language sufficient to express and also thus grapple through the higher-level worries such as whether the network is steady overall, and also things choose that. And what is really informing is the it is an extremely common because that these higher-level language to have internal consistency and a specific robustness, such that they deserve to be supported by much more than one basic hardware. This is comparable to the way a given computer system program deserve to run ~ above different types of hardware as long as the operating device is in common.