Quito, the capital of a country that was called after the Equator, lies in the southerly Hemisphere. However, the is less than 20 kilometres to the line that divides the Northern and also Southern Hemispheres. The ar where French scientist Charles-Marie de La Condamine identified the (more or less) an accurate location of the Equator, is now marked by a large monument: La Mitad del Mundo, the centre of the world.

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Although contemporary measuring methods have identified that the actual Equator in reality lies approximately 240 metres further north, the Mitad del Mundo monument stays a famous attraction. The monument is part of a complicated of shops and attractions ~ above the sheet of the sleepy city of san Antonio de Pichincha. The city comes lively on Sundays and holidays, once it master a weekly industry with music and also dance.


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 on the sheet of the Equator
Quito
 Ethnographic museum

The Museum that Ethnology

The 30-metre-high monument – topped by a metal world – dwellings an ethnographic museum the showcases Ecuador’s different ethnic groups. Her visit begins with one elevator ride come the top, from where you descend steps to reach the museum. Girlfriend may likewise visit a series of pavilions, one because that each of the countries that participated in the 18th century expedition to identify the location of the Equator. If girlfriend have restricted time, visit the French pavilion which is extremely interesting. Finally, over there is the Fundación Quito Colonial, a miniature depiction of the Ecuadorian cities of Guayaquil, Cuenca and also Quito.

Wherever the magic place of latitude 0° 0" 0" may be, that is certainly not at the site of the monument. However considering the minimal tools and resources easily accessible during that expedition, it is fairly an accomplishment that castle were only off by a few hundred yards. Today, many visitors merely use a GPS combined into your camera or phone come walk come the exact location of the Equator. However, this technique is likewise not 100% reliable.

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The claim that the nearby Museo Intiñan stand on the exact location of the Equator has not been evidenced either. However the ar is close enough that one have the right to perform various unique experiments. The most well known one displayed the so-called Coriolis effect: when you to water water end a ball north the the Equator, the water will circulation clockwise, and also south of the Equator it will circulation counter-clockwise. Another interesting truth is the on the Equator you will weigh a little bit much less than all over else ~ above earth.