Dr. Brian Pollmann is the hospitalist because that Hutchinson Health. He focuses on cradle endoscopy and also some osteopathic manipulation therapy. Pollmann is a member of the American osteopathic Association and American university of Osteopathic family members Physicians. He characterized the prefixes and also suffixes in our list, and “unremarkable,” “negative,” and also “ablasion” through “biopsy.”

Jennifer Abfalter, MA, RN-ACNS-BC, is a expert practice and patient experience director in ~ Meeker Memorial Hospital in Litchfield. She defined the state “calcifications” with “intubate” in this story. Together a resource, she turned come “Mosby’s dictionary of Medicine, education & health Professions. Mosby’s education Consult, 2014 Elsevier.”


Dr. Tyler Helland is a family medicine doctor who joined Glencoe local Health solutions in October. He’s also an assistant football coach at Lester Prairie High School. He identified the state in the latter section of our story, indigenous “lesion” come “transcutaneous.”

Does your physician use indigenous you don’t understand? Feel prefer you must run for a thesaurus every time friend visit the clinic?

To make sense of these words, we asked for help from three local medical experts. They detailed us through the following definitions.

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So the following time you visit the clinic or hospital, you’ll understand the difference in between chronic and acute, and you i will not ~ confuse negative with palliative.

And if you space still confused, nothing hesitate come ask her health care provider come explain any kind of term. He or she wants you to know as lot as you want or must know. The all component of the patient-provider partnership.

Hyper-: simply as girlfriend think of her neighbor’s children, the exact same goes because that medicine. Too much! as well fast!

-itis: normally refers come inflammation or swelling. Often involves infection of some kind, yet not necessarily. Examples: tonsillitis, appendicitis, diverticulitis

-plasty: Think plastic surgery. This method to mold, change, graft or type a specific part of the body. A nose task is known as a rhinoplasty.

Negative: commonly referring come a medical test. Generally way that the check did not uncover anything abnormal.

Ablasion: to ablate or destroy! can involve electricity, lasers (pew pew), or heat. This is provided as a means to ruin abnormal or abnormally functioning tissue.

Acute: A descriptive ax that refers to the timing of a clinical condition. Acute is new or happening right now. Sore throats, influenza, and bleeding are instances of acute illness.

Arrythmia: Technically identified as a lack of heart rhythm (we really don’t shock for this, no matter what they show on TV), in practice it is provided to specify an abnormal heart rhythm (dysrhythmia).

Asymptomatic: absence of symptoms. The is often used in the context of a patient having actually a problem, yet not having any symptoms.

Benign: This one has mixed meanings in medicine. Most often used as soon as talking about a biopsy being non-cancerous.

Biopsy: acquisition a piece of organization to look at under a microscope. A biopsy isn’t simply used come look for cancer. It is likewise helpful in other problems as well.

Calcifications: Calcifications space the buildup the calcium salts in our bodies. Normally, calcium is discovered in our bones and teeth, and also in small amounts in our blood. As soon as a buildup that calcium wake up in locations it shouldn’t, prefer our kidney or lungs, it can interfere v normal organ function.

Chronic: A chronic condition is other that has actually been walk on for a long while, and will likely impact a human being for the rest of his/her life. Chronic is the opposite of acute, which method an abrupt or suddenly onset.

Comorbidity: A comorbidity is 2 or much more medical problems existing at the exact same time. Because that example, you may have a damaged ankle through a comorbidity of diabetes.

Complete blood count: A finish blood counting or CBC is a common blood test and also is frequently ordered as a screening test for bleeding, infection and many other conditions. A CBC steps the red blood cell and also white blood cabinet counts in the blood.

Diagnosis the exclusion: no all illness or problems can be found by having a test, such together an x-ray or blood test. In some cases, the provider will look for all feasible causes the a symptom, and also if naught is found, a “diagnosis that exclusion” is made. In various other words, the a diagnosis got to by the process of eliminating all other possible causes.

Diuretic: A diuretic is a drug that is provided to help the human body rid chin of liquid by urination. Occasionally medical conditions such together heart failure cause our bodies to store too lot fluid. A diuretic will attract out the fluid from the tissues, come the kidneys whereby it pipeline the body as urine.

Edema: Edema is the swelling and buildup of liquid in ours tissues. Edema have the right to be caused by countless different conditions. Edema reasons our skin come stretch, swell and also weaken.

Efficacy: Efficacy is the ability of a drug or check to obtain the an outcome desired. In various other words, efficacy explains how fine something works.

Embolism: one embolism is a serious condition when the blood circulation in our vessels becomes blocked by an embolus. There space different varieties of embolus, such as air, fluid, or gas. Another form of embolus is a little blood clot the breaks loose from one part of the body, and also travels to the brain or lungs.

Hematoma: A hematoma is once blood collects in the body tissues or in an organ. The bleeding might stop ~ above its very own from a buildup of pressure, but a hematoma or difficult lump might remain because that a period of time.

Hyperplasia: Hyperplasia is once the body cells go into “overdrive” and produce much more cells than are needed.

Iatrogenic: Iatrogenic is a problem or difficulty that is led to by a medical procedure, medical staff person, or by exposure at a clinical facility.

Intubate: The placement of a unique tube right into the body, most typically an airway tube to help with breathing.

Lesion: This is a general term we use to define a structure abnormality. Occasionally we use this native if us think miscellaneous is abnormal however we space unsure what precisely it is. It can be a mole or a skin mark. It might be a bang under the skin or a tumor. It could be a polyp in the colon or inside the abdomen.

Metastasize: This means to spread. Most frequently we use this word as soon as we talk around cancers. For instance a lung cancer starts through an abnormal development in the lung, yet if it is left to flourish on its own it will eventually enter the blood stream or lymphatic system and spread come a different part of the body. This is a an extremely important change point for cancers. As soon as a cancer is found to be just in the organ it started in, it is an ext likely that it can be taken the end with surgical procedure or destroyed with chemotherapy or radiation. ~ a cancer has spread to various other parts that the body (metastasized) it becomes much much less likely the it will ever before be cured, though frequently there are treatments, specific chemotherapy, that have the right to be supplied to sluggish the development down.

Necrosis: Necrosis way the death of tissue. This wake up mostly because of a absence of blood supply. For example an epidemic that eats away regular tissue will certainly sometimes destroy the blood supply and leave dead organization in the infected area. An additional example is a tumor the grows so large or rapid that the blood it is provided can’t save feeding that all v nutrients that needs. Such a tumor will actually die in components of the center and become necrotic. This is an important process that we deserve to use in diagnosing disease. For instance a mammogram for chest cancer screening is an X-ray check of the chest that is actually in search of very little and subtle locations of early on necrosis of a chest tumor. Once a small component of the breast tumor die it leaves behind part calcium that can be seen on the mammogram.

Nodule: A nodule is a lump or a bump. Over there are numerous different types that can happen in different locations of the body. A pulmonary nodule is a little lump watched in the lungs on a CT scan or X-ray. A cutaneous nodule is a lump under the skin.

Noninvasive: Sometimes clinical treatments or tests are essential which enter the body, for instance a surgery. This interventions room riskier in the they may cause some damages to normal locations of the body simply by having the procedure done and are stated to be invasive. Non-invasive points shouldn’t cause direct damages just by act the check or treatment, favor an ultrasound or X-ray or a medication.

Occlusion: Occlusion method that the flow through a pipe gets cut off or plugged up. Think the this favor a drain pipe in the kitchen sink gaining clogged up. If one occlusion happens in the coronary arteries, the blood circulation to the heart, the is a heart attack. Just like the clogged drainpipe pipe in the sink, the treatment is to try to open the clogged-up part and restore the flow. Occlusions can take place in any kind of of the tubular structures in the body prefer the intestine or airway, but most often we median blockage of a blood vessel.

Palliative: Palliative way a treatment that is expected to enhance life however isn’t meant to healing the disease or even to do life critical longer. This is an essential word come understand, especially when we are talking about cancer. Occasionally a therapy for a cancer is able come cure the disease and remove it forever. Various other times a therapy is to plan to make the cancer grow slower so that doesn’t cause problems but won’t get rid of the cancer. This goes back to the idea the after a cancer metastasizes the is regularly not curable. A good example the a palliative treatment is radiation treatment for a cancer that has spread to a bone and also causing a many pain. Radiation could be able make that component of the tumor shrink and cause less pain, but ultimately won’t cure the cancer.

Pathogen: This is something that reasons an transmittable disease. Pathogens are generally viruses and bacteria that go into the body and cause one infection, usually with the respiratory tract tract, the skin, the urinary system, or the intestine. There are millions of good bacteria that live on our skin and also in our intestines the don’t cause harm and also can even aid with digestion. Those bacteria room not pathogens together they room not bring about problems.

Pathology: Pathology is a field in medication which focuses on using assorted tests to figure out if a sample taken off a person is regular or abnormal and also what the abnormality is. As soon as we talk around sending for circumstances a skin sample come pathology, what we space doing is sending off a piece of skin that we have actually removed come a specialist that works in a laboratory who can look in ~ the cell in great detail through a microscopic lense or other special tests to number out specifically what the abnormality is, if it is a mole or a skin cancer or some other type of problem.

Psychotropic: This is a very general term come mean any medication or medicine which effects or alters the brain’s chemistry in such a way that can transform the brain’s tardy of reality. There are multiple types of medications that have the right to do this. It deserve to be harmful if supplied to gain high, for instance LSD or various other street drugs. In medicine we sometimes use safer develops of psychotropic medicines to act serious mental illnesses such together schizophrenia or psychosis, in which we are transforming a disturbed perception of reality to get earlier to a an ext normal late of reality.

Sarcoma: This means a tumor that grows from one of the middle layers the the body (such together the bone, cartilage, muscle, fat), quite than the lining components of the body (skin, bladder, lung intestine) i beg your pardon are dubbed adenomas.

Sclerosis: Sclerosis way stiffening. Athero-sclerosis way stiffening of blood vessels. Sclero-derma way stiffening of part of the skin. There are various varieties of abnormal stiffening the can take place in different parts the the body and also cause problems.

Somatic: generally we talk about somatic in regards to psychiatry. A psycho-somatic pain for instance would be a pain that is coming because that a misinterpretation the the signal of the brain rather 보다 an yes, really damage component of the body. This is daunting for contemporary medicine to understand in general. The is basic to understand just how a damaged bone would reason your mind to understand that there is pains in that part of the body. It isn’t as straightforward to understand why there is pain understood by your brain without injury or damage going on. Come the person with psychosomatic pain, the ache is very real even without injury since the brain gets the final say, and also if the brain thinks over there is pain, the hurts.

Stenosis: Stenosis method narrowing. Whereby occlusion means totally cut off, stenosis is narrowed but not completely cut off. Choose occlusion this refers to tubular frameworks in the body such as blood vessels. A stenotic carotid artery is a narrowing in the blood courage going come the brain, which can result in lessened blood flow. In some cases stenosis deserve to over time become much more advanced and turn in come an occlusion, where a limitation in flow can be transforming into no circulation at all. In assorted circumstances relying on where the stenosis is, it have the right to sometimes be repair to assist open things earlier up and also improve flow.

Thrombosis: Thrombosis method a clot inside a blood vessel that is prevent blood flow. An instance of this is a blood gerean in the leg, which we call a deep venous thrombosis. A thrombosis or blood clot that happens in the mind arteries is a stroke. There are several treatments because that thrombosis relying on where in the human body it occurs.

Topical application: This is talking about the usage of a medicine or treatment put right on the impacted area. Usually when we speak topical we are an interpretation that it is come be used on the skin. For acne there are topical treatments that are put right ~ above the skin. There are additionally pills the you can take to help acne, which would certainly not it is in a topical treatment also though the disorder is that the skin.

Toxicity: Toxicity means that there is unintended damages to otherwise normal components of the body. The dosing of medicine that we usage to treat most disorders is draft to it is in the right amount to assist the disorder get much better without doing damages to regular or unaffected parts of the body. Pretty lot every medication the I have the right to think of deserve to be toxicity if used inappropriately or in really high doses. Even over-the-counter pain and also fever medication like ibuprofen, which have the right to be very beneficial if taken appropriately can reason damage, or toxicity, to the kidneys if take away in an extremely high doses.

Transcutaneous: Transcutaneous is a combination of 2 words. Trans means through. Cutaneous way skin. A transcutaneous procedure or therapy simply method that the is going v the skin to gain to one of the depths structures. A transcutaneous injection goes through the great of the skin. A transcutaneous pace machine is an electrical shock used to the surface of the skin the travels v the skin and also on come the heart where the signal can cause the heart to beat.

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