There are a variety of different species of stretching exercises that can be done to improve flexibility. Here we define static stretching, dynamic stretching, PNF, and also ballistic stretching. The is important to understand when a particular form of extending exercise is most appropriate.

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What is revolution stretching?


Static, or isometric extending is a form of extending where the muscle is stretched until her feel a gentle ‘pull’, or stretch on the muscle. The large is then hosted for a period of time, generally upwards the 10 seconds before relaxing the muscle.

Stretches should constantly be pain-free. If you feel pain then your muscle will normally want come tighten to safeguard itself.Static extending is frequently used to build flexibility, an especially after a muscle strain injury.In strong healthy muscle however, PNF form techniques may be far better for developing flexibility.

Dynamic stretching

This form of extending is really much in fashion these days, an especially in sport for warming up. It requires stretching her muscles whilst moving, either by foot swings, or by performing sports-specific drills.

It works ‘with’ sensors in the muscle referred to as muscle spindles.Muscle spindles space sensors within the muscle which sense the speed a muscle is being stretched.

A muscle can be versatile with enough length. However, if it is suddenly asked to move at speed then sensors called muscle spindles may kick in to protect against it overstretching. This is how stretch connected muscle strains can occur.

PNF Stretching

PNF stands for Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation and also can take on several forms including hold-relax; contract-relax; and also rhythmic initiation.

PNF started to become popular in the 1960s and has due to the fact that become a usual treatment for countless physiotherapists and also other sports injury professionals.PNF deserve to be either totally passive (meaning the therapist moves the limb through its ranges of motion) or active assisted, in i m sorry the athlete theatre a duty in the treatment.In this case, it requires an isometric contraction prior to the stretch.

So because that example, come a usage hold-relax PNF method on the hamstrings, the athlete would lay on the back and progressive the straight leg up off the bed (contracting the i know well flexors Rectus Femoris and Iliopsoas) to the beginning position. Indigenous here, the therapist or partner provides resistance as the athlete isometrically contract the hamstrings (as if do the efforts to press the foot back down come the floor) because that a minimum that 6 seconds. Following this, the athlete contract the i know good flexors again come raise the leg higher and further stretch the hamstrings.

This functions on the theory of reciprocal inhibition (or innervation) and also post-isometric relaxation. Mutual inhibition is based on a reflex loop, regulated by the muscle spindles. As soon as an agonist muscle contract (for instance the quads, leading to knee extension), the antagonist’s muscle is inhibited, causing it come relax (in this example the hamstrings), enabling the complete movement that the antagonist muscle (knee extension). Post-isometric be sure is thought to be controlled by the Golgi tendon organs, sensors within the muscle which space sensitive come muscle tension. When a muscle is contract isometrically because that a period of time, this results in an inhibition that the muscle, causing relaxation.

PNF can likewise be supplied for treatments other than stretching, because that example, muscle increase in a rehabilitation setting. PNF in this sense requires spiral-diagonal movements, together are supplied in most daily and also sporting activities. Very few activities use only one aircraft of movement, over there is generally a combination of 2 or all 3 planes (flexion/extension; adduction/abduction; and rotation). Because that this reason, PNF incorporates this spiral-diagonal activities to aid train the human body in the means in which the is most frequently used.

This is concerned sliding filament theory of muscle contraction.

Ballistic kind stretching exercises

This form of stretching is whereby you big the muscle as far as that is comfortable to perform so. Then, in ~ the the end range of activity you bounce or force the joint that little bit further.

This is normally frowned on these days, because the plot of forcing a muscle beyond its comfortable selection can damage it.However, Martial artists and also Ballet dancers (extreme joint selection of activity is required) often incorporate it in their extending routines.It may also be used in rehabilitation to boost joint selection of movement. However be careful!

An instance of ballistic stretching is reaching over to touch your toes and also bouncing to increase the range. This form of extending is rarely recommended due to the injury possibilities and also no useful effect end other, safer, forms of stretching such as PNF and dynamic stretches.

Muscle power Techniques

Muscle power techniques (or MET’s) are species of stretching exercises similar to PNF, and also developed about the exact same time, in the people of Osteopathy. Prefer PNF, MET’s usage an isometric contraction of the agonist prior to stretching. The distinction is in the force of the isometric contraction, which in MET’s room a many lower. A MET stretch is performed in the adhering to way, utilizing the hamstrings together an example:

The therapist moves the hip right into flexion, through the athlete on your back, until they conference the allude of resistance – wherein the motion stiffens, as result of tightness in the hamstrings. They hold this place for 15-20 seconds. They climate ease turn off slightly native the stretch and also ask the athlete to shot to press the leg back down come the couch, which causes an isometric contraction of the hamstrings. In MET’s, this contraction must be a maximum of 20% the the athlete’s complete strength. This convulsion is held for roughly 10 seconds, before the therapist asks them come relax and also pushes the limb further, boosting the stretch, until resistance is felt as soon as more. The procedure is usually repetitive 3-5 times because that each muscle.

Neural Stretching

Neural stretching describes stretching the structures of the nervous system. This is necessary for injuries wherein there is excess neural tension, for instance muscle associated sciatic pain.

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Examples likewise are typically found in the neck, shoulder, or pelvis area.Neural stretches are adaptations that neural stress tests, such as the slump test and also the upper limb anxiety test.The body is required to the suggest of stretch and also held for a maximum of 10 seconds, back initially, this may be as little as 3-4 secs to protect against causing damage to the nerves.Types that stretching like this have to only be performed under the supervision that a standard therapist.