The Renaissance was a fervent period of europe cultural, artistic, political and also economic “rebirth” complying with the middle Ages. Generally described as ensuing from the 14th century to the 17th century, the Renaissance promoted the rediscovery of classic philosophy, literature and art. Few of the best thinkers, authors, statesmen, scientists and also artists in human thrived throughout this era, while an international exploration opened up new lands and cultures to european commerce. The Renaissance is attributed with bridging the gap between the middle Ages and modern-day civilization.

From Darkness to Light: The Renaissance starts

During the center Ages, a duration that took place between the fall of old Rome in 476 A.D. And the start of the 14th century, europeans made couple of advances in science and art.

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Also well-known as the “Dark Ages,” the era is frequently branded together a time that war, ignorance, famine and pandemics such together the black Death.

Some historians, however, think that together grim depictions the the Middle eras were substantially exaggerated, though numerous agree that there was reasonably little to the for ancient Greek and also Roman philosophies and also learning in ~ the time.

READ MORE: 6 reasons the Dark eras Weren't so Dark


During the 14th century, a social movement called humanism began to obtain momentum in Italy. Among its many principles, humanism supported the idea that guy was the facility of his own universe, and also people should adopt human achievements in education, classical arts, literature and science.

In 1450, the development of the Gutenberg print press enabled for improved communication throughout Europe and for concepts to spread much more quickly.

As a result of this advancement in communication, little-known messages from at an early stage humanist writer such as those by Francesco Petrarch and Giovanni Boccaccio, which supported the rebirth of timeless Greek and Roman culture and values, to be printed and also distributed come the masses.

Additionally, many scholars believe advancements in international finance and trade impacted culture in Europe and collection the phase for the Renaissance.

Medici family

The Renaissance started in Florence, Italy, a ar with a rich social where wealthy citizens can afford to support budding artists.

Members of the powerful Medici family, which ruled Florence for more than 60 years, were famed backers the the movement.

Great Italian writers, artists, politicians and others claimed that they to be participating in one intellectual and artistic change that would certainly be much different from what castle experienced during the Dark Ages.

The movement first expanded to various other Italian city-states, such together Venice, Milan, Bologna, Ferrara and also Rome. Then, throughout the 15th century, Renaissance concepts spread indigenous Italy to France and then throughout western and also northern Europe.

Although various other European countries experienced their Renaissance later on than Italy, the results were still revolutionary.

Renaissance Geniuses

Some that the most famous and groundbreaking Renaissance intellectuals, artists, scientists and writers incorporate the likes of:

Giotto (1266-1337): Italian painter and also architect whose much more realistic depictions of human emotions affected generations that artists. Best known for his frescoes in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua.

William Tyndale (1494–1536): English biblical translator, humanist and also scholar melted at the stake because that translating the scriptures into English.

William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer known for his development of the English madrigal and also his spiritual organ music.

Renaissance Art, Architecture and also Science

Art, architecture and science were carefully linked during the Renaissance. In fact, it was a distinctive time as soon as these areas of research fused with each other seamlessly.

For instance, artists favor da Vinci integrated scientific principles, such together anatomy into their work, therefore they could recreate the human being body v extraordinary precision.

Architects such together Filippo Brunelleschi studied mathematics to correctly engineer and also design immense structures with expansive domes.

Scientific explorations led to significant shifts in thinking: Galileo and also Descartes gift a brand-new view that astronomy and mathematics, when Copernicus proposed the the Sun, not the Earth, was the facility of the solar system.

Renaissance art was identified by realism and also naturalism. Artist strived to depict people and objects in a true-to-life way.

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They used techniques, such as perspective, shadows and light to include depth to your work. Feeling was another quality the artists tried come infuse right into their pieces.

Some the the most famous creative works the were developed during the Renaissance include:

The Mona Lisa (Da Vinci)The last Supper (Da Vinci)Statue that David (Michelangelo)The birth of Venus (Botticelli)The creation of Adam (Michelangelo)

Renaissance exploration

While numerous artists and thinkers provided their talents to express new ideas, part Europeans took to the seas to learn an ext about the world around them. In a duration known as the period of Discovery, several important explorations were made.

Voyagers launched explorations to take trip the entire globe. Castle discovered new shipping courses to the Americas, India and also the far East and also explorers trekked across areas the weren’t completely mapped.

Famous journeys were taken by Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci (after whom America is named), Marco Polo, Ponce de Leon, Vasco Núñez de Balboa, Hernando De Soto and other explorers.

READ MORE: The period of Exploration

Renaissance religious beliefs

Humanism urged Europeans to question the function of the roman Catholic church throughout the Renaissance.

As an ext people learned exactly how to read, write and interpret ideas, they started to closely examine and also critique faith as lock knew it. Also, the printing press enabled for texts, consisting of the Bible, to be conveniently reproduced and widely check out by the people, themselves, because that the an initial time.

In the 16th century, martin Luther, a German monk, led the Protestant reformation – a revolutionary activity that led to a separation in the Catholic church. Luther questioned plenty of of the practices of the church and also whether castle aligned through the teachings that the Bible.

As a result, a new form of Christianity, known as Protestantism, to be created.

End of the Renaissance

Scholars think the death of the Renaissance to be the result of numerous compounding factors.

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By the finish of the 15th century, numerous wars had plagued the Italian peninsula. Spanish, French and also German invaders battling for Italian territories led to disruption and instability in the region.